Phil186 - Final Study Guide

Phil186 - Final Study Guide - PHIL186 FINAL STUDY GUIDE...

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PHIL186 FINAL STUDY GUIDE Corporate Internal Decision Structures (CID) – assist to render themselves as moral agents. Intentionally structure to make decisions, then constructed as CID and identifying the individual. - Find the point in a decision-making structure - Corporations are self-interested to render to moral agents for the image Deceptive Techniques in Advertising – advertising convince us that in order to be happy is through consumption. Society puts pressure on us to play along, a dependence effect because its core to the basic idea of happiness. Thus, we subject ourselves to advertising (become a victim) - Pressures on the people for now following, thus society forces and embrace consumption (The American Dream is described in material goods) - People work according to the pattern, hyper consumption by working more - We see ourselves in the product, values we adhere to on the standard of living - Increases value of goods is believe to a higher standard of living - We get a lot of our values from our economic system and advertisement - The path to happiness is acquisition through products (capitalism implies this, so naturally accepted) Advertising and Autonomy – overall consumption and reduce to pursuit because a lot have been already determined for us. We feel pressure based on realistic options in society. - Culture is constrained through this notion of success (what counts as success and what others will not emerge as successful) Informed Consent – implies deliberation and free choice. Workers must understand what they are agreeing to, including its full ramifications, and must voluntarily choose it - Deliberation requires not only the availability of facts but also a full understanding of them - Workers must be allowed to deliberate on the basis of enough usable information, information that they can understand Personality (Honesty) Tests - help screen applicants for jobs by indicating areas of adequacy and inadequacy. In theory, they simplify the complexities of business life by reducing the amount of decision making involved determining whether an individual has the personal characteristics appropriate for a given job. - It also screen for organizational compatibility, individually or creativity may be exactly what the firm needs => tendency of intrusive questions - Asks about your moral virtue and gives a personality profile Drug Testing – we live in a culture in which we modify ourselves through medicine. Companies want them to be clear-headed. It alter our moods in what we deem acceptable or unacceptable - Pragmatic consideration, so it does not provide justification of taking medicine (legal or not) Equal Consideration of Interests (Peter Singer) – giving equal consideration to the interests of two different beings does not mean treating them alike or holding their lives to be of equal value. We may recognize that the interests of one being are greater than those of another, and equal consideration will then lead us to sacrifice the being with lesser interests
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This note was uploaded on 09/08/2010 for the course PHIL 186 at San Jose State.

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Phil186 - Final Study Guide - PHIL186 FINAL STUDY GUIDE...

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