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Unformatted text preview: 1. David Ewings view of civil liberties in the workplace: People have the right to free speech the Bill of Rights etc Except when they go to work 2. Griggs v. Duke 13 blacks that were denied promotions because they scored low on a company-sponsored test involving math and puzzle and verbal questions. Cant give the test or require a high school education unless the associated skills relate directly to job performance. 3. Hiring practices: Screening, tests, interviews, 4. Promotions 1. Seniority = problematic when someone who is senior is not the best candidate for the job Seniority does not necessarily indicate competence or loyalty 2. Inbreeding = promoting exclusively from within the firm... possible moral obligation of company to do so 3. Nepotism = showing favoritism to close friends and family.morally concerned because of fairness to other employees 6. Discharging employees: 1. Just Cause = requires that reason for discharge are work related 2. Due Process = requires the hearing of grievances and a step-by-step procedure by which an employee can appeal a managerial decision. There are 4 types 1. Fi ring = result of employee theft 2. Termination = employees poor performance 3. Layoff = hourly employees subject to recall 4. Position elimination = permanent elimination of the job 7. Skilled Artisans = two reason for secret societies; to equalize their relationships with their employers and to professionalize their crafts 8. The Wagner Act (The national Labor Relations Act): prohibits firing employees due to their joining a union. Cant discriminate against unions, must allow the employees to form unions if they like. Most members belonged to the CIO or Congress of I ndustrial Organizations . (First union was the Knights of Labor then the AFL = American Federation of Labor...) 9. 3 conditions put forth to be a Justified Strike by Fagothey and Gonsalves 1. Just Cause = refers to job related issues 2. Proper Authorization = must be duly authorized by workers and the union 3. Last Resort = must come as the last resort 10. Chapter 6 Cases 1. Aids Case 2.Guy addicted to porn 3. Malt liquor case and employee forced to shut up or resign 4. Smoking in the office and an employee unwilling to do her job due to the smell of smoke which was legal to have employees doing at the time. 5. Fired because he refused to join the union 11. Virginia Rulon-M iller IB M = fired because she fell in love with a former IBM employee who was now working for the competitor. Was told to give him up or give her job up. She was fired based on conflict of interest but was rewarded $300,000 in court. 12. Testing 3 types 1. Polygraphs illegal now....
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- The Land