CH3 - Moral Issues in Business Chapter 3 Justice The Nature...

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Moral Issues in Business Chapter 3 Justice The Nature of Justice (some definitions) Fairness o involves the fair treatment of members of groups of people or else looks backwards to the fair compensation of prior injuries. Equality o the burden of proof is on those who would endorse unequal treatment. Is there any good reason why A has more than B? Desert o everyone should get what he or she deserves. Right o that which is owed to persons for their own sakes. Preamble – U. S. Constitution We the people of the United States, in order to form a more perfect union, establish justice , insure domestic tranquility , provide for the common defense , promote the general welfare , and secure the blessings of liberty to ourselves and our posterity, do ordain and establish this Constitution for the United States of America. Five Rival Principles Of Distribution To each an equal share To each according to individual need To each according to personal effort To each according to social contribution To each according to merit Rival Principles of Justice Utilitarianism: Utilitarians want an economic system that will bring more good to society than any other system. Libertarianism: “a state that taxes its better-off citizens to support the less fortunate ones violates the liberty of individuals by forcing them to support projects, policies, or persons that have not freely chosen to support.” Egalitarianism: each person possesses an inviolability founded on justice that even the welfare of society as a whole cannot override. Peter Singer, (1946- ) Utilitarian Philosopher Princeton Professor Author: Animal Liberation, Practical Ethics, Should the Baby Live? From Singer’s Rich and Poor The path from the library at my university to the Humanities lecture theater passes a shallow ornamental pond. Suppose that on my way to give a lecture I notice that a small child has fallen in and is in danger of drowning. Would anyone deny that I ought to wade in and pull the child out? This will mean getting my clothes muddy, and either canceling my lecture or delaying it until I can find something dry to change into; but compared with the avoidable death of a child this is insignificant.
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This note was uploaded on 09/08/2010 for the course PHIL 186 at San Jose State University .

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CH3 - Moral Issues in Business Chapter 3 Justice The Nature...

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