SECOND GREAT AWAKENING ca. 1800-1850 Important points: • Arminian in focus • Prompted by increasing population and geography of United States, and open competition between denominations, due to disestablishment of state churches • Signature event in establishing full range of evangelical Christianity in America • Utilized immediacy of gospel message to revive religious dedication in people • Itinerant preachers traveled to frontier outposts (American “home” and international missions) • Tension between spontaneous preachers and educated ministers • Strengthening of individualism in American religious expression • Politically, the Second Great Awakening propelled progressive movements, such as the Abolition of slavery, fair treatment and education for Native Americans, and the rights of women, more than it helped conservative causes, though compelling interpretations can be made to contradict this. Calvinism v. Arminianism Calvin's TULIP – Calvinism stresses the absolute sovereignty of God, and the utter
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