Sunna, Hadith and Shariah

Sunna, Hadith and Shariah - Sources of Islamic Authority...

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Unformatted text preview: Sources of Islamic Authority: Sunna, Hadith and Shariah 9.9.09. Umma: The community of Muslims accepting Allah as the only God and Muhammad as his messenger. First Four Successors: Caliphs (Khalifa) Abu Bakr Umar Usman Ali The Rashidun: Together these 4 caliphs are called The Rashidun, or those who were rightly guided (by Allah, that is). KhLF: To succeed; to substitute Khalifa: A successor; an appointee Sources of Authority for the Umma: The Quran The Sunna: The prophet’s behavior Local Custom: Consensus: Analogical Reasoning HDTh: To narrate, to tell a story. SND: To support, prop up, lean on; to find (masnad=pillow, cushion). Parts of a Hadith: Sanad: the chain of people who heard and conveyed the hadith until it was written down. Matn: The text of what was said by Muhammad (or his immediate circle of followers). Collections of Hadith: Al-Bukhari: died 870 Al-Muslim: d. 875 Al-Sharif al-Razi: b. 970: Nahj al—Balagha: Shia hadith consisting of the sayings of Caliph Ali. Types of hadith: Strong: The chain of witnesses who heard the hadith is totally reliable. Weak: The chain is either broken or the witnesses are not very reliable. Questions to think about: As you read about Muhammad’s nightjourney, or Mfraj, try to figure out how this hadith incorporates the text of the Quran. Which specific Quranic lines are being incorporated into the text of this hadith? From which Quranic chapters are these insertions taken? List the plot outline of the story of Moses and Khizr—what happens when, to whom, who says what to whom, etc? What does the Quran imply about Iblis (Devil) and his motivations during his interaction with God over the issue of the creation of human beings? SCRIPT ASSIGNMENT DUE: PLEASE BE ABLE TO DRAW THE LETTERS BY MEMORY IN CLASS Readings for 9.16 ' James Mysticism (on website) 0 Hallaj: Iblis as Tragic Lover pp. 266-279 (on Website) 0 Sellstunayd on F ana (Website) Questions to think about: Compare the hallaj passage to the Quran passage you read for last class. What is Hallaj saying about the Devil‘s motivations in disobeying God? After reading Junayd how would you define fana‘? Can you make any connections between Junayd’s conception of fana and any of the statements by mystics in the reading by William James? 9.21 F urlough Day No class ...
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