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Unformatted text preview: Sources of Islamic Authority:
Sunna, Hadith and Shariah
9.9.09. Umma: The community of Muslims accepting Allah as the only God and Muhammad as
his messenger. First Four Successors: Caliphs (Khalifa)
Ali The Rashidun: Together these 4 caliphs are called The Rashidun, or those who were
rightly guided (by Allah, that is). KhLF: To succeed; to substitute
Khalifa: A successor; an appointee Sources of Authority for the Umma:
The Quran The Sunna: The prophet’s behavior
Local Custom: Consensus: Analogical Reasoning HDTh: To narrate, to tell a story.
SND: To support, prop up, lean on; to find (masnad=pillow, cushion). Parts of a Hadith: Sanad: the chain of people who heard and conveyed the hadith until it was written down.
Matn: The text of what was said by Muhammad (or his immediate circle of followers). Collections of Hadith:
Al-Bukhari: died 870
Al-Muslim: d. 875 Al-Sharif al-Razi: b. 970: Nahj al—Balagha: Shia hadith consisting of the sayings of
Caliph Ali. Types of hadith: Strong: The chain of witnesses who heard the hadith is totally reliable.
Weak: The chain is either broken or the witnesses are not very reliable. Questions to think about: As you read about Muhammad’s nightjourney, or Mfraj, try to ﬁgure out how this
hadith incorporates the text of the Quran. Which speciﬁc Quranic lines are being
incorporated into the text of this hadith? From which Quranic chapters are these
insertions taken? List the plot outline of the story of Moses and Khizr—what happens when, to whom, who
says what to whom, etc? What does the Quran imply about Iblis (Devil) and his motivations during his interaction
with God over the issue of the creation of human beings? SCRIPT ASSIGNMENT DUE: PLEASE BE ABLE TO DRAW THE LETTERS BY
MEMORY IN CLASS Readings for 9.16
' James Mysticism (on website)
0 Hallaj: Iblis as Tragic Lover pp. 266-279 (on Website)
0 Sellstunayd on F ana (Website)
Questions to think about:
Compare the hallaj passage to the Quran passage you read for last class. What is Hallaj
saying about the Devil‘s motivations in disobeying God?
After reading Junayd how would you deﬁne fana‘? Can you make any connections between Junayd’s conception of fana and any of the statements by mystics in the reading
by William James? 9.21 F urlough Day No class ...
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