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The Enlightenment - Outline The Enlightenment General...

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Outline— The Enlightenment General Characteristics Belief in the Power of Reason Laws discovered through reason may extend beyond physical world Focus on secular explanations Central Concepts of the Enlightenment The methods of natural science should be used to examine and understand all aspects of life The use of the “scientific Method” should be extended to human society. There must also be systems of laws that govern these areas The discovery of these laws will lead to progress The enlightenment as a radical departure from the past Growing optimism in the present as opposed to the past Kant: “Dare to Know!” Prelude to the Enlightenment Popularizers: o Bernard de Fontenelle
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o The Skeptics - Pierre Bayle o Travel literature o The Legacies of Newton and Locke The Philosophes Definition of a “philosophe” Varied backgrounds of the Philosophes France as the epicenter Montesquieu Persian Letters The Spirit of the Laws
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