Stearns Ch.2 Ancient Mesopotamia & Egypt

Stearns Ch.2 Ancient Mesopotamia & Egypt - Early...

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Early Civilization -By 3000 BCE Catal Huyuk became part of civilization -1 st Civilization, Middle East, Tigris & Euphrates Civilization -1 st developed in Mesopotamia -changes in technology & communication -Civilizations -greater amounts of Economic Surplus -distributed unevenly (social inequalities -formal governments (small buerocrosies) -writing -long distance trades -enhanced record keeping -urban centers (resymbols cities) -Civilization caused problems between “civilized” & “uncivlized” (aka barbarians) -problems with environment -deforestation -erosion -flooding Tigris-Euphrates Civilization -Organizational & cultural forms -writing, formal codes of law, city planning & architecture, institutions for trade, including use of money -building blocks for human organization -developed from scratch -no examples before to follow -4000 BCE, farmers, bronze & copper, invented wheel
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-3500 BCE sumerians develop cuneiform alphabet -2000 symbols 300 symbols -Astronomy -Sumerians system of numbers {10, 60, 360}, still rely on today -Charts of major constellations -Sumerians develop complex religious rituals -Ziggurats (massive towers) -1 st monumental architecture -polytheism -sees God in many aspects of nature
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This note was uploaded on 09/07/2010 for the course HIS HIS 101 taught by Professor Custer during the Fall '10 term at Lenoir-Rhyne.

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Stearns Ch.2 Ancient Mesopotamia & Egypt - Early...

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