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Unformatted text preview: SWS Chapter 9 THE FOUNDATIONS OF ISLAM: AISHA BINT ABU BAKR & ALI IBN ABU TALIB-In orthodox Islam, it is considered inappropriate to depict humans-Act that usurps creative power of God-Explains why nonfigural art, esp. calligraphy & abstract design, was favored in Islam-Persia & India: in respect painted Muhammad & his family members w/ white veils over face Setting The Stage:-Before rise & spread of Islam:-East Roman Byzantium & Sasanid Persia-Exhausted themselves w/ warfare over land & access to trade-Both intruded into Arabian Peninsula, esp. Yemen-Agriculture feasible-Thriving trade b/c of access to Red Sea, Persian Gulf, & western Indian Ocean-Silver mines-Muhammad from tribal group, Quraysh, who dominated town of Mecca-Divided into several clans (Muhammads clan Hashimi)-Less wealthy & prestigious- Umayya most powerful clan-Aisha bint Abu Bakr & Ali ibn Abu Talib both close to Muhammad-Ali: cousin & son-in-law, & 4 th successor (caliph)-Aisha: Muhammads youngest wife & politically active long after Muhammads death, resisting...
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This note was uploaded on 09/07/2010 for the course HIS HIS 101 taught by Professor Custer during the Fall '10 term at Lenoir-Rhyne.
- Fall '10