Chapter 1 Part 2

Chapter 1 Part 2 - Click to edit Master subtitle style Manual of Foundations of 11-1 Chapter 1 Foundations of Structural Manual of Structural

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Unformatted text preview: Click to edit Master subtitle style 9/8/10 Manual of Foundations of 11-1 Chapter 1 Foundations of Structural Manual of Structural Kinesiology R.T. Floyd, EdD, ATC, CSCS 9/8/10 Manual of Foundations of 21-2 Skeletal System 9/8/10 Manual of Foundations of 31-3 Osteology • Adult skeleton • 206 bones – Axial skeleton • 80 bones – Appendicular • 126 bones • occasional variations 9/8/10 Manual of Foundations of 41-4 Skeletal Functions 1. Protection of heart, lungs, brain, etc. 2. Support to maintain posture 3. Movement by serving as points of attachment for muscles and acting as levers 4. Mineral storage such as calcium & phosphorus 5. Hemopoiesis – in vertebral bodies, femurs, humerus, ribs, & sternum – process of blood cell formation in the 9/8/10 Manual of Foundations of 51-5 Types of bones • Long bones - humerus, fibula • Short bones - carpals, tarsals • Flat bones - skull, scapula • Irregular bones - pelvis, ethmoid, ear ossicles • Sesamoid bones - patella 9/8/10 Manual of Foundations of 61-6 Types of bones • Long bones – Composed of a long cylindrical shaft with relatively wide, protruding ends – shaft contains the medullary canal – Ex. phalanges, metatarsals, metacarpals, tibia, fibula, 9/8/10 Manual of Foundations of 71-7 Types of bones • Short bones – Small, cubical shaped, solid bones that usually have a proportionally large articular surface in order to articulate with more than one bone – Ex. are carpals & tarsals 9/8/10 Manual of Foundations of 81-8 Types of bones • Flat bones – Usually have a curved surface & vary from thick where tendons attach to very thin – Ex. ilium, ribs, sternum, clavicle, & scapula Manual of Structural Foundations of Structural Kinesiology Manual of Structural Foundations of Structural Kinesiology 91- 9 Types of bones • Irregular bones – Include bones throughout entire spine & ischium, pubis, & maxilla • Sesamoid bones – Patella, 1st metatarsophalangeal Manual of Structural Foundations of Structural Kinesiology...
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This note was uploaded on 09/07/2010 for the course HES HES 303 taught by Professor Velez during the Fall '10 term at Lenoir-Rhyne.

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Chapter 1 Part 2 - Click to edit Master subtitle style Manual of Foundations of 11-1 Chapter 1 Foundations of Structural Manual of Structural

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