List of Latin and Greek Roots in English - A Root Meaning in English Origin language ab a abs away Latin ac acuacid sharp or pointed sour or acid

List of Latin and Greek Roots in English - A Root...

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ARootMeaning in EnglishOriginlanguageEtymology (rootorigin)English examplesab-, a-, abs-awayLatinab"away"abnormal, abrasion, absent, abstract, aversionac-, acu-sharp or pointedacupunctureacid-sour or acidLatinAcidosisacu-sharpLatinacutuspast participleof acuere"to sharpen", from acus"needle"acutifoliateacr(i)-sharp, pungent, bitterLatinacer, acrisacrid, acrimonyacr(o)-height, summit, tipGreekGreek κροςákros"high", "extreme"acrobatics, acromegaly, acronym, acrophobia,ad-, a-, ac-, af-, ag-, al-, ap-, ar-, as-, at-movement to or toward; in addition toLatinad"to", "toward"adapt, affect, ascend,acceptadip-fatLatinadeps, adipis"fat"adiposeaer-, aero-air, atmosphereGreekήρ(aer)"air"aeronautics, aerosolaesthet-feeling, sensationGreekaisthētikos"of sense perception" from α σθάνεσθαιaisthanesthai"to perceive"aesthetics, anaestheticagri-, -egri-fieldLatinager, agris"field, country"agriculture, peregrineagro-fieldGreekfrom Greek γρόςagros"field"agronomyam-, amat-, amor-love, lovedLatinamor"love" from amāre"to love"amateur, amorousambi-both, on both sidesLatinambi"on both sides"ambidexterityamic-, -imic-friendLatinamicusamicable, inimicalamphi-around, about, both, on both sides of, both kindsGreekμφίamphi"on bothsides"amphibian, amphibolicampl-ampleLatinamplusamplificationan-, a-not, withoutGreekGreek ν-/-"not"anhydrous, atypicalana-, an-again, against, back, upGreekfrom Greek prefix νά- ana-"again", anabaptist, anaphylaxis, anode
"against"anemo-windGreekνεμοςanemosanemometeranima-breathLatinanima"breath"animal, animationann-, -enn-year, yearlyLatinannus"year"anniversary, annual, biannual, millenniumant-, anti-against, opposed to, preventiveGreekντίanti"against"antibiotic, antipodesante-, anti-before, in front of, prior toLatinante"before", "against"antebellum, antediluvian, anticipate, antiquariananth-, antho-flowerGreekνθοςanthos"flower"anther, anthologyanthropo-humanGreekνθρωποςanthropos"man"anthropology, anthropomorphicapo-away from, separate, at thefarthest pointGreekπόapo"from, away, un-, quite"apogee, apostasyaqu-waterLatinaquaaquamarine, aquarium, aqueductar-plow, tillLatinărārearablear-be dryLatinārēre"be dry or parched"aridarche-, archi-rulerGreekρχήarche"rule" (incompounds: ρχε-, ρχι-)archangel, archetypearchaeo-, archeo-ancientGreekρχα οςarkhaios"ancient" from arkhē"beginning"archaeologyor archeology, archaicarct(o)-Relating to the North Pole or the region near it; relating to cold; used as thescientific name of some bear species, e.g. Ursus arctos horribilisGreekρκτοςarktos"bear"Arctic Oceanargent-silverLatinargentumargent, Argentinaarist(o)-excellenceGreekρετή, ριστοςarete, aristosaristocracyarthr(o)-jointGreekρθρονarthronarthritis, arthropodastr-, astro-star, star-shapedGreekστρονastron"star"asterisk, astrology, astronomy, disasterathl-prizeGreekθλοςathlos"contest, feat"athlete, pentathlonaud(i)-hearing, listening, soundLatinaudire"to hear"auditorium, auditory
aug-, auct-grow, increaseLatinaugēre, auctus"to increase"augmentationaur-

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