ANTHROPOLOGY EXAM 1

ANTHROPOLOGY EXAM 1 - ANTHROPOLOGYEXAM1 01:19 1)...

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ANTHROPOLOGY EXAM 1 01:19 1) INTROUCING WORLD PREHISTORY a) Archaeology and Prehistory i) Archaeology (1)  the biological and cultural study of all humanity, ancient and modern.  Anthropology=living societies ii) Text-aided archaeology (1) Confined to societies that have flourished in the last 5000yrs iii) Prehistoric Archaeology (1) Archaeology of ancient societies that were non-literate b) The Beginnings of World Prehistory i) Archaeology 50 years ago was not a very largely practiced thing only a  few thousand people in the world mostly trained in Europe or the US.  ii) Sub-Saharan Africa saw much arc. research In the 1930’s and 50’s  conducted by a handful of pre-hist archaeologists like Louis and Mary  Leakey and J. Desmond Clark. iii) World Prehist. Developed as a result of… (1) Radiocarbon Dating (^14C) invented by U of Chicago physicists Willard  Libby and J.R. Arnold in 1949. Provided the first reliable global  Chronology.  (2) An explosion in the number of professional archaeologists during the  1950’s and 60’s resulted from increased higher education funding after  WWII and from establishment of many more archaeological  organizations outside of the US and Europe. c) Who Needs the Past? i) Cyclical and Linear time ii) Written Records, Oral Traditions, and Archaeology d) Studying the Culture of the past i) Culture is a concept developed by anthropologists to describe the  distinctive adaptive system used by human beings. ii)
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ANTHROPOLOGY EXAM 1 - ANTHROPOLOGYEXAM1 01:19 1)...

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