Anthropology_2050_class_notes_5

Anthropology_2050_class_notes_5 - Monday, February 09, 2009...

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Monday, February 09, 2009 ANTH 2050 class notes Neanderthal material culture o Mousterian industry (200-40 kya) o Retouched flakes o Levallois technique o Disk core technique o Many tools to be hafted Treatment of the dead o Neanderthals sometimes buried their dead in small pits, sometimes with grave goods o Amud Cave: infant found in a natural niche in the side of the cave with the upper jaw of a red deer Neanderthal hunting o Overrepresentation of meaty limbs o Neanderthals were capable of hunting large game Site of La Cotte de St. Brelade: at least 20 mammoths and 5 woolly rhinos were deliberately stampeded off a cliff then butchered by Neanderthals o Bone chemistry studies show that Neanderthals were essentially meat eaters – one individual’s diet appears to have been 97% meat o Lots of injuries, as seen today in rodeo performers (i.e., they were getting pretty close to big game) Neanderthals society o As intelligent as moderns humans (complex stone technology, large-scale
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Anthropology_2050_class_notes_5 - Monday, February 09, 2009...

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