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The Self - Chapter 5 The Self Understanding Who am I Self...

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Chapter 5 – The Self: Understanding : “Who am I?” Self - that part of an individual's personality of which he or she is aware . Self-reference effect – the effect on attention and memory that occurs because the cognitive processing of information relative to the self is more efficient than the processing of other types of material. There are two types of processing occurring with the self-reference effect: Elaborative processing – we spend more time thinking about words or events that are relevant to ourselves. Categorical processing – we organize self-relevant information into pre-existing categories. Self-concept – one’s self-identity, a basic schema consisting of an organized collection of beliefs and attitudes about oneself. The self gives us a framework to help us process information about ourselves. Self schemas describe the dimensions along which we think about ourselves. For example, you may be very concerned about maintaining and displaying your independence. You might refuse to take money from your parents, not ask for help from others, etc. Structure of the self-concept. Several ways we can think of the structure of the self-concept. We can categorize them on how extreme the concepts are: Central self-concepts – tend to be extremely positive or negative, and are relatively unaffected by the mood of the moment. Peripheral self-concepts – tend to be moderately positive or negative, and subject to change with the mood of the moment. We can also categorize self-concepts by their content areas. Social Self-Concept Our own concept of who we are is often bound up with who we are to other people. Think about it this way - We are all six selves. We are the people we are; we are the people we think we are; we are the people other people think we are;
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we are the people we think other people think we are; we are the people we want to become; and we are the people we think others want us to become. Social self – a collective identity that includes two different aspects interpersonal relationships those aspects of identity that are derived from membership in larger, less personal groups based on race, ethnicity, and culture. The social self is the self we think others see, which, in turn, influence how we see ourselves. If we have the impression that others see us as stupid or socially unacceptable, we tend to think of ourselves in this negative way. Our perceptions of other’s feelings color our views of ourselves. Identity comes partly from an involvement of the self with others, in intimacy, group participation, cooperation, and competition. Thinking about the Self: Personal Versus Social Identity Personal-social identity continuum – 2 distinct ways the self can be categorized Personal level – self can be thought of as an individual Social identity level – self is thought of as a member of a group At any given moment in time, you are at different places on that continuum. When our own personality is particularly salient, we think of ourselves more as individuals.
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