Psychology_ch7

Psychology_ch7 - Ch 7 Interpersonal Attraction Meeting...

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Ch 7 – Interpersonal Attraction: Meeting, Liking, Becoming Acquainted Interpersonal attraction – a person’s attitude about another person. Attraction involves an evaluation along a dimension that ranges from strong liking to strong disliking. Ones that like you Ones that don’t like you Ones that have no opinion Internal Determinants of Attraction: Need to Affiliate & the Basic Role of Affect 1. The Importance of Affiliation for Human Existence – based on evolution Can’t grow crops by yourself or bring down mammoths by yourself Ability to communicate/work together, work towards common goal Not very impressive compared to other animals (smell, teeth) Need to affiliate is hard-wired Human babies favorite thing to look at = human faces A. Individual Differences in the Need to Affiliate Need for affiliation – basic motive to seek and maintain interpersonal relationships. Fairly stable trait, but varies across ppl People person as a kid People person as an adult Ostracism – acts of excluding or ignoring. Used to regulate social behavior Non-violent societies (Amish) Reactions – esp. females – depressed, anxiety, hurt feelings. Will try to restore relationships, but if that doesn’t work withdrawal 1
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Effective way to regulate behavior (cold shoulder) Situational Influences on the Need to Affiliate After some sort of disaster. When we think something bad is about to happen. Schacter's Experiment (1959) Participants told they’d get mild or painful shocks Participants anticipated mild or painful ones Given choice to wait alone or with other participants Greater the anticipate pain, more they wished to wait with others “Misery loves company” Heightened needs for reassurance, distraction, info, social comparison (how nervous should we be?-compare with others to find out) Affect and Attraction A. The Direct Effect of Emotions on Attraction – occurs when someone does/says something that makes you feel good or bad. They complement you B. The Associated Effect of Emotions on Attraction – this refers to the fact that our mood when we interact with someone affects how we feel about that person. If ur in a good mood, you focus on this person’s good attributes and like him Bad mood focus on negative attributes External Determinants of Attraction: Proximity and Observable Characteristics 2
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(1) The Power of Proximity (aka Propinquity) Functional distance – how often people’s paths cross (smokers meeting each other b/c both smoking at same time) Explore similarities, sense liking, perceive as social unit (we’re the 10:15 smoking ppl!) Why does proximity breed liking? o
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This note was uploaded on 09/08/2010 for the course PSYC 2040 taught by Professor Adair during the Spring '10 term at LSU.

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Psychology_ch7 - Ch 7 Interpersonal Attraction Meeting...

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