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Unformatted text preview: Glossary of Grammatical Terms Adjective: A word that is used to describe a noun; tall girl , difficult lesson . Adverb: A word that modifies a verb, and adjective, or another verb. It answers the questions AHow?@ AWhen?@ AWhere?@. She walked slowly , She = ll be here tomorrow. She is here . Auxiliary verb: A verb that helps in the conjugation of another verb. I have finished, He was called, She will go, He would eat. Command form: The form of the verb used to give an order or direction: Go! Como back! Turn to the right! Conjugation: The process by which the forms of the verbs are presented in their different moods and tenses: I am, you are, he is she was, we were, etc. Contraction: The combination of two or more words into one: isn = t it, don = t, can = t . Definite article: A word used before a noun indicating a definite person or thing: the woman, the money . Demonstrative: A word that refers to a definite person or object. this, that, these, those . Diphthong: A combination of two vowels forming one syllable, In Spanish, a diphthong is composed of one strong vowel ( a, e, o ) an one weak vowel ( u, i ) or two weak vowels. Gender: A distinction of nouns, pronouns, or adjectives, based on whether they are masculine or feminine. Indefinite article: A word used before a noun that refers to an indefinite person or object: a child, an apple. Infinitive: The form of the verb generally preceded in English by the word to an showing no subject or number: to do, to bring . Interrogative: A word used in asking a question: Who? What? Where? Main clause: A group of words that includes a subject an a verb and that by itself has complete meaning: they saw me, I go now ....
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This note was uploaded on 10/29/2008 for the course ARTS 101 taught by Professor Pedro during the Spring '08 term at University of New Brunswick.
- Spring '08