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computerworkstations - U.S Department of Labor Occupational...

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U.S. Department of Labor Occupational Safety & Health Administration www.osha.gov Search Advanced Search | A - Z Index eTools Home : Computer Workstations References | Disclaimer | Viewing / Printing Instructions | Credits M illions of people work with computers every day. This eTool* illustrates simple, inexpensive principles that will help you create a safe and comfortable computer workstation. There is no single “correct” posture or arrangement of components that will fit everyone. However, there are basic design goals, some of which are shown in the accompanying figure, to consider when setting up a computer workstation or performing computer-related tasks. Consider your workstation as you read through each section and see if you can identify areas for improvement in posture, component placement, or work environment. This eTool provides suggestions to minimize or eliminate identified problems, and allows you to create your own "custom-fit" computer workstation. Use a Checklist! Use the evaluation checklist to analyze existing workstations. Use the purchasing guide checklist to evaluate new purchases. Quick Tips Look for quick tip boxes to provide basic solutions for common hazards. A more in- depth look at computer workstation hazards and solutions can be found further down the page of each section. *eTools are web-based products that provide guidance information for developing a comprehensive safety and health program. They include recommendations for good industry practice that often go beyond specific OSHA mandates. As indicated in the disclaimer , eTools do not create new OSHA requirements. Public Test Version for comments through May 2004. Good Working Positions | Workstation Components | Checklists | Work Process | Workstation Environment eTools Home : Computer Worksta t ions References | Disclaimer | Viewing / Printing Instructions | Credits
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eTools Home : Computer Workstations References | Disclaimer | Viewing / Printing Instructions | Credits Good Working Positions To understand the best way to set up a computer workstation, it is helpful to understand the concept of neutral body positioning. This is a comfortable working posture in which your joints are naturally aligned. Working with the body in a neutral position reduces stress and strain on the muscles, tendons, and skeletal system and reduces your risk of developing a musculoskeletal disorder (MSD). The following are important considerations when attempting to maintain neutral body postures while working at the computer workstation: ? Hands , wrists , and forearms are straight, in-line and roughly parallel to the floor. ? Head is level, or bent slightly forward, forward facing, and balanced. Generally it is in-line with the torso . ? Shoulders are relaxed and upper arms hang normally at the side of the body.
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