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FINAL REVIEW - Chem 2204/8 What did we cover this term We...

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Chem 2204/8: What did we cover this term? We built on the structural and mechanistic concepts we covered in the first term and applied them to the remaining important functional groups: Aldehydes and Ketones , Carboxylic acid family, Phenols (aromatic alcohols), Amines, Also, we looked at the most most important method of compound identification: - 1H and 13C NMR spectroscopy
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Recall: There are two parts to Organic chemistry: Structure and Reactivity (A) Structure: 1. Functional groups 2. Stereochemistry 3. Electronic factors affecting reactivity and physical properties (B) Reactivity: 1. ABENOR 2. Mechanism 3. Synthesis
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15 Goals of the Course PART A Structure For any (simple) organic molecule ….eg CH 3 C(H)=O 1. Draw skeletal and Lewis/Kekule structures in 2D and 3D. 2. Give a systematic name (also trivial name). 3. Identify functional groups. 4. Assign hybridization states to carbon, nitrogen and oxygen atoms; include all lone pairs. 5. Calculate the degree of unsaturation. 6. Detect elements of symmetry and chirality (handedness). 7. Draw possible constitutional isomers and stereoisomers.
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Goals of the Course cont’d PART A Structure For any (simple) organic molecule …. 8. Draw dipoles between atoms of different electonegativity 9. Indicate which kinds of inter molecular interactions are available, and on that basis, predict physical properties relative to an alkane of equivalent carbon number: water solubility, physical state at RT(solid, liquid, gas) and density.
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