Chapter 1 Sociology of Health_Illness_and_Medicine

Chapter 1 Sociology of Health_Illness_and_Medicine - Click...

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Unformatted text preview: Click to edit Master subtitle style 9/10/10 WAYS OF THINKING SOCIOLOGICALLY ABOUT HEALTH, ILLNESS AND MEDICINE H SS 3321 SOCI OLOGY OF H EALTH Information is taken from Chapter 1: Health, Illness, and Medicine in Canada. Clarke 2008 Presentation developed by: Miriam Levitt, Ph.D., University of Ottawa 9/10/10 Lear ning Objectives To examine the four sociological paradigms associated with health, illness, and medicine Structural functionalism mile Durkheim society is a system of interlocking and functional parts Conflict theory Karl Marx documents injustices within society Symbolic interaction Max Weber social action as it is socially meaningful social construct theory Feminist and critical race theories Dorothy Smith gender and George Sefa-Dei uses race to explain the inequalities in society 9/10/10 Lear ning Objectives To describe and explain the social causes and consequences of illness, disease, disability, and death To demonstrate the ways lay people and professionals construct the categories of disease and illness To document the ways that illness affects and is affected by social interaction among various people or institutions 9/10/10 I NTRODUCTI ON Experiencing illness in a social context Social explanations of illness The relationships between disease and social variables Morbidity and mortality are inversely related to income The institutional relationship between the medical system and illness 9/10/10 EXAM PLES OF T OPI CS WI TH I N SOCI OLOGY OF M EDI CI NE AND Sociology of Medicine Sociology of Health and Illness Organization of the medical care system Distribution of disease and death 9/10/10 FOUR CENTRAL SOCI OLOGI CAL PARADI GM S Structural Functionalism mile Durkheim Conflict Theory Karl Marx Symbolic Interactionism Max Weber Feminist/Anti-Racist Theory Dorothy Smith/George Sefa Dei 9/10/10 STRUCTURAL FUNCTI ONALI SM M I LE DURKH EI M Two important people to remember: Auguste Comte Godfather of sociology mile Durkheim founder of the theoretical and methodological model Priority of structural functionalism is to: Maintain a good working order in society Structural functionalism is associated with a positivist methodology 9/10/10 STRUCTURAL Structural Functionalism aims to: Discover and explain the impact of social facts on human behaviour, attitude, and feelings Social factors are real and external to human actions and determine human behaviour Social factors are seen in the social structures such as the norms that guide society Sociology is a science that seeks to describe the world in a series of universal causal laws Human behaviour is objective and can be quantified through methods such as experiments and survey 9/10/10 STRUCTURAL FUNCTI ONALI SM TALCOTT PARSONSS SI CK ROLE Sick role behaviour is used: To describe the relationship between the individual and society To describe the processes that maintain societal institutions 9/10/10...
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Chapter 1 Sociology of Health_Illness_and_Medicine - Click...

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