Chapter 2 Sociology of Health_Illness_Medicine _Methodology

Chapter 2 Sociology of Health_Illness_Medicine _Methodology...

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SOCIOLOGICAL WAYS OF STUDYING HEALTH , ILLNESS, AND MEDICINE HSS 3321 SOCIOLOGY OF HEALTH Information is taken from Chapter 2: Health, Illness, and Medicine in Canada. Clarke 2008 Presentation developed by: Miriam Levitt, Ph.D., University of Ottawa
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LEARNING OBJECTIVES To describe and analyze the methodologies used in the four theoretical paradigms: Structural functionalism Conflict theory Symbolic interactionism Feminist and anti-racist theory To describe the ways of studying, the principles of knowing, and the methods of proof adopted by each paradigm 2 Information is taken from Chapter 2: Health, Illness, and Medicine in Canada. Clarke 2008
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LEARNING OBJECTIVES To each methodological approach clarify: Limitations and strengths Presuppositions Consequences 3 Information is taken from Chapter 2: Health, Illness, and Medicine in Canada. Clarke 2008
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THREE FUNDAMENTAL PRESUPPOSITIONS ASSOCIATED WITH POSITIVISM Information is taken from Chapter 2: Health, Illness, and Medicine in Canada. Clarke 2008 4 The social world can be described by a series of universal causal laws Human behaviour is objective and can be measured by survey research and experimental design Social facts determine human social behaviour and attitudes Social behaviour and attitudes are regulated by social norms
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Studies that fall within this paradigm Information is taken from Chapter 2: Health, Illness, and Medicine in Canada. Clarke 2008 5 Studies that examine: Utilization of medical services Social norms that define mental and physical illness Importance of social support (family and friends) in preventing, minimizing, or helping to adjust to illness Significance of quality of life and impact of: Work Recreation Community Physical activity Occupational conditions
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RESEARCH THAT CONSIDERS HEALTH AND MEDICAL VARIABLES AS DEPENDENT Independent Variables Age Sex, gender Marital status Family status Rural/urban Religion Political ideology Income Education Race or ethnicity Ability or disability Sexual orientation Information is taken from Chapter 2: Health, Illness, and Medicine in Canada. Clarke 2008 6 Dependent Variable Health status Medical care utilization Mortality
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RESEARCH THAT CONSIDERS HEALTH & MEDICAL VARIABLES AS INDEPENDENT Independent Variable Health status Medical care utilization Mortality (rate) Information is taken from Chapter 2: Health, Illness, and Medicine in Canada. Clarke 2008 7 Dependent Variables Age distribution Sex distribution Marital and family status Religion Religious affiliation Political ideology
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DETERMINING CAUSALITY Information is taken from Chapter 2: Health, Illness, and Medicine in Canada. Clarke 2008 8 There must be an association between the variables There is evidence that one variable precedes the other in time Other, potentially intervening variables can be eliminated The relationship makes theoretical sense
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EPIDEMIOLOGY IS. .. Information is taken from Chapter 2: Health,
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This note was uploaded on 09/09/2010 for the course HSS hss 3321 taught by Professor Gaetan during the Fall '10 term at University of Ottawa.

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Chapter 2 Sociology of Health_Illness_Medicine _Methodology...

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