Chapter 3 Disease and Death_Canada in International and Historical Context

Chapter 3 Disease and Death_Canada in International and Historical Context

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DISEASE AND DEATH: CANADA IN INTERNATIONAL AND HISTORICAL CONTEXT HSS 3321 SOCIOLOGY OF HEALTH 1 Information is taken from Chapter 3: Health, Illness, and Medicine in Canada. Clarke 2008 Presentation developed by: Miriam Levitt, Ph.D., University of Ottawa
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LEARNING OBJECTIVES To examine: The explanations for variations in life expectancy In a global context death, disease, and disability and there relationship to physical and social determinants The major causes of death in Canada Potential years of life lost (PYLL) and its impact on the explanation of policy The behavioural pre-requisites to disease New infectious diseases in Canada and around the world 2 Information is taken from Chapter 3: Health, Illness, and Medicine in Canada J.N. Clarke 2009
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LIFE EXPECTANCY The average life expectancy for men and women has varied over the years and through many different types of social and economic arrangements Changes in the patterns of disease occur in three distinct stages: The Age of Pestilence and Famine The Age of Receding Pandemics The Age of Degenerative and Man-Made Diseases 3 Information is taken from Chapter 3: Health, Illness, and Medicine in Canada J.N. Clarke 2009
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LIFE EXPECTANCY Alternative explanations: McKeown Kim and Moody Political economy perspective Dependency theory Information is taken from Chapter 3: Health, Illness, and Medicine in Canada J.N. Clarke 2009 4
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DEATH, DISEASE, AND DISABILITY IN A GLOBAL CONTEXT Each year around the world approximately 10.8 million children under five years of age die and 4 million die in the first year of life (Black et al. 2003) Childhood malnutrition is a significant factor in the deaths of more than half of all child mortality Information is taken from Chapter 3: Health, Illness, and Medicine in Canada J.N. Clarke 2009 5
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SOCIAL FACTORS THAT AFFECT HEALTH AND LONGEVITY Socio-economic, political, and cultural factors affect health and longevity around the world The major causes of death are preventable and could be eliminated with minor and inexpensive interventions Information is taken from Chapter 3: Health, Illness, and Medicine in Canada J.N. Clarke 2009 6
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Chapter 3 Disease and Death_Canada in International and Historical Context

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