cognition notecards

cognition notecards - Analog Representation a...

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Analog Representation- a representation that mimics or simulates the structure of its referent in a more or less direct manner. In the case of spatial representations, continuous spatial information and spatial relationships might be the relevant structure.
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Dual-Coding Hypothesis- the idea that pictures are remembered better than words because pictures are encoded both verbally and as images.
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Mental Rotation- subjects are asked to determine if two objects differ only in rotation. Results from these studies have been used to argue for the existence of analog representations.
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Picture-Superiority effect- empirical generalization that pictures are remembered better than words.
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Propositional representation- representations that takes the form of abstract language like propositions that are not tied to any particular sensory modality.
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Representation- internal model linked to external (real world) objects and events so as to preserve functionally relevant information.
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Route knowledge- spatial knowledge in the form of the appropriate for navigating from one point to another.
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Spatial neglect- defecit associated with brain injury in which the person acts unaware of objects and events on the neglected side of space and may include neglect of the limbs and body surface.
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Survey knowledge- spatial knowledge that preserves relevant information about spatial relationships, as in a map.
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Auditory theory- theory that psech perception follows general principles of auditory perception. (speech is not special)
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Brocas aphasia- a disorder associated with cortical damage (to Broca’s area) leading to impairments in speech production.
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Categorical perception- the observation that continuous variations on a dimension relevant to a phonemic contrast are often perceived in a discrete (all or none) rahter than a graded manner.
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Coarticulation- in speech production, the form in which a phoneme is produced varies as a function of the surrounding context of other phonemes being produced.
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Conversational maxims- principles or guideline for cooperative communication.
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Garden path sentence- sentence like “the horse raced past the barn fell” where we suddenly relize that we have been constructing the wrong interpetation of the sentence.
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