Midterm_Study_Guide_Sp2010 - IAH 207 Spring 2010 - Mid-Term...

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IAH 207 Spring 2010 - Mid-Term Study Guide Unit 1: Early China The Classic of Poetry : What is it? How is it used? What is shared by different poems in this anthology? What is the difference between the meanings of the poems and the Mao Commentaries (Han Dynasty) on the Classic of Poetry ? Please use the individual poem(s) as your example(s). What are differences between the Confucian school and the Daoist school? What are differences within the same school of Confucian thought? How do these philosophers convey their ideas? Confucian outlook: The social arena is the whole world. Daoist approach: The social world is part of the living world. Confucian orientation: Political ideal, to engage in social reform; Loyalty to the superior as the primary duty; hierarchical order, the past over the present; age over youth; man over women Daoist orientation: The social stage is part of the living world; priority of self-preservation; relative perception: to view the polarized pairs on equal terms Mencius Xunzi Human nature Good. Uncalculated compassion. People can be corrupted unless they strive to preserve their innate goodness. Evil. Man’s inborn nature is to seek for profit; people are prone to violence; his goodness is a result of his active molding through self- cultivation. Government Mandate of Heaven. Heaven oversees a moral order in which the objective of a ruler is to provide well-being and prosperity for his people. 1. The kingly government. To win the hearts-minds of common people instead of being obsessed with profit; to share the joy with people. 2. The totalitarian government. The mandate of heaven is not unconditional; rulers are defined by their actions; ministers should remonstrate the corrupt ruler, and withdraw from his court if he does not listen. Social control and strict law. 1. A ruler is responsible to transform people with law and punishment. 2. Disorder is a result that man does not follow the moral principle. Learning can lead us to reach a higher level. Product can be better than the primary source. It is important to learn by comparison. Contribution A ruler is not above the law; the political ideal of individual scholars is to engage in social actions; individual actions define who they are. The higher one gets the broader view on gains. What are the major faults of the Qin dynasty as exemplified in “The Faults of the Qin”? Rulers lack humaneness and rightness; preserving power differs from seizing power; repressing diverse opinions is counter-productive- The men of vision would not help the ruler
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What is the relationship between the literati and the rulers as discussed in the class? q P q N W / T q q 8 * 8 g q g q A v q a Describe the Grand Historian (Sima Qian): what was his goal in life and what dilemma did he face? To compile neglected knowledge of former times; to draw the principles behind success and defeat; explored
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This note was uploaded on 09/10/2010 for the course IAH 001 taught by Professor Wang during the Spring '10 term at Michigan State University.

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Midterm_Study_Guide_Sp2010 - IAH 207 Spring 2010 - Mid-Term...

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