ProfessionalResponsibility

ProfessionalResponsibility - ENGR 482 ENGR Ethics and...

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ENGR 482 ENGR 482 Ethics and Engineering Ethics and Engineering To whom much is given, To whom much is given, much is expected.” much is expected.” 1
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ENGR 482-- ENGR 482-- Ethics and Engineering Ethics and Engineering Professionalism and Professionalism and Engineering Codes of Ethics Engineering Codes of Ethics 2
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Nature of Professions Nature of Professions Types of Employment Job - Low skill levels fast food cook/retail sales clerk custodial worker house painter Trade or vocation - manual skills, apprenticeships, special training, often unionized beautician/barber plumber/electrician/carpenter truck driver/equipment operator welder/machinist/iron worker 3
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Professions, cont’d. Professions, cont’d. Self-employed (non professional) Small business owner--can have various job duties. (Note that professionals are often self- employed and have duties with professional responsibilities.) Farmer/rancher 4
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Professions, cont’d. Professions, cont’d. Knowledge or specially educated worker computer programmer/network administrator scientist/technician Professional - regulated knowledge worker doctor/dentist/veterinarian/pharmacist lawyer/accountant engineers/architects teacher (partly regulated) 5
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What is a professional? What is a professional? Originally…a “professor” was one who professed adherence to monastic vows of a religious order. Today…a person who professes to be “duly qualified” in some field by virtue of special knowledge (usually gained by specific education and verified by examination); experience; and with some state sanction or license. 6
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Traits of a Professional Traits of a Professional Extensive intellectual training Specialized knowledge (verified by exams) Skills vital to society Monopoly on service provided Autonomy Self-regulated Privilege/prestige Code of ethics Is engineering a profession? 7
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Models of Professionalism Models of Professionalism Business Model professional status provides economic gain monopoly provides for high pay self-regulation avoids government regulation Social Contract Model professionals are guardians of public trust an implicit, unstated agreement exists between professionals and society society may subsidize training of professionals 8
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Professionals agree to: Provide service for public well-being promote public welfare, even at own expense Self-regulation enforce competence enforce ethical standards Implicit Agreement between Professionals Implicit Agreement between Professionals and Society-- and Society-- 9
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Implicit Agreement between Professionals Implicit Agreement between Professionals and Society, cont’d. .. and Society, cont’d.
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This note was uploaded on 09/11/2010 for the course ENGR 482 taught by Professor Russell during the Fall '08 term at Texas A&M.

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ProfessionalResponsibility - ENGR 482 ENGR Ethics and...

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