Respct for persons1

Respct for persons1 - Ethics of Respect for Persons With...

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Ethics of Respect for Persons
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With Utilitarianism, a harm to one person can be justified by a bigger benefit to someone else. “Respect for Persons” (RP) Analysis There are some things you can’t do to a person, no matter how much it will benefit someone else. “Treat each person as an end in herself, not merely as a means to some other end.” Right actions are the ones that accord respect to each person as a free and equal moral agent. Moral agent: being capable of freely choosing goals and purposes
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RP Analyses (3 versions): Rights Test Golden Rule Test Self-Defeating Test Rights Test Utilitarianism “You must work to maximize good” Rights Test “You are free to do whatever you want as long as it doesn’t violate or infringe on anyone else’s rights.” Other people’s rights are restrictions on your actions.
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Person X has a right = Everyone else has a duty to: to life = not kill X to bodily integrity = not cause bodily harm to X to mental integrity = not cause debilitating mental harm to X not to be deceived, = not do these things cheated, stolen from, defamed, have promises broken
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Person X has a right = Everyone else has a duty to: to privacy = not invade X’s privacy to free speech = not prevent X from speaking to try to acquire property = not bar X from free and fair competition to earn property to nondiscrimination = not deny opportunities based on race, gender, creed, sexual pref. to self-respect = not insult
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Rights demand only non-interference with X, not active support of X’s interests Hierarchy of Rights: Tier 1: life, bodily integrity, mental integrity Tier 2: right not to be deceived, cheated, stolen from, defamed, have promises broken, right to privacy, to free speech Tier 3: right to try to acquire property, non-discrim., self- respect (Lists are not complete.)
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Rights Test: 1. Identifying conflicting obligations, values, and interests. 2. Formulate the alternative actions. 3. Determine the audience. 4. List rights violated or infringed on by each action and the level of right it is. 5. Choose the action that involves the least serious rights violations/ infringements: a. first, judge by level b. if violations are at same level, look at number of violations at that level
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Case 15: Karen is a junior engineer at a big oil company. She has been working in a research laboratory for the past 3 years under Andy. Karen has seen that Andy is a smart researcher, but she has noticed that he often smells of liquor. One day Karen overhears that Andy is about to be granted a new and better paid position. Karen is happy for Andy until she learns that his new job will be that of head safety inspector for all the oil rigs that the company owns in the region. Karen worries that Andy’s drinking will interfere with his work as a safety inspector in ways that it does not interfere with his present job. She asks Andy to turn down the new position. He refuses. Should Karen take her concerns to management?
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This note was uploaded on 09/11/2010 for the course ENGR 482 taught by Professor Russell during the Fall '08 term at Texas A&M.

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Respct for persons1 - Ethics of Respect for Persons With...

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