Rule Utilitarianism1

Rule Utilitarianism1 - Solving Conflict Problems,...

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Solving Conflict Problems, continued: Rule Utilitarianism Act Utilitarianism Right Action = action with best consequences Rule Utilitarianism Right Action = action which accords with the best rule best rule = rule that would maximize happiness if people generally followed it (Rule: general principle of action) Note: differences between --consequences of a single act A --consequences of people always doing A in circumstances of type T
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Rule Utilitarian Method: 1. Identify conflicting obligations, values, and interests 2. Determine alternate relevant rules. 3. Determine relevant audience. 4. Determine consequences of each alternative rule for everyone in audience. 5. Select rule that maximizes happiness. 6. Select action that follows the best rule.
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Case 12: Hospital Case: 1. Conflicting values: life of one person v. life of several. 2. Alternate rules: Rule 1: Harvest organs from healthy person when more than one person can be saved Rule 2: Never harvest organs from healthy people. 3. Audience: whole society 4. Consequences a. Rule 1:…rumors will get out, general fear of doctors/ hospitals b. Rule 2:…people will go to hospital 5. Rule 2 has better consequences 6. Therefore, Dr. Jones can’t cut up man
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Rule Utilitarianism1 - Solving Conflict Problems,...

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