Utilitarianism1

Utilitarianism1 - Ethics of Utilitarianism s I. Bottom- Up...

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Ethics of Utilitarianism I. Bottom- Up CMW Line-drawing II. Top-Down Utilitarianism RP
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Solving Conflict Problems: Utilitarian Analysis A. Act Utilitarianism B. Rule Utilitarianism Act Utilitarianism: Right action = action with best consequences = action that maximizes happiness (“utility”)/action that minimizes unhappiness Whose happiness? Everyone Everyone affected by the action (‘audience’)
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Case 8: The Trolley Option 1- Kill one child Option 2- Kill five children
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Act Utilitarian Method : 1. Identify conflicting values, obligations life of one child life of 5 children 2. Determine alternate courses of action. Take upper track Take lower track 3. Determine relevant audience children on tracks children’s families and friends trolley driver
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4. Determine consequences of each alternative act for everyone in audience. a. Effects of taking upper track 1 child dies child’s family and friends (30 people) unhappy trolley driver upset b. Effects of taking lower track 5 children die 150 family members and friends unhappy trolley driver even more upset
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5. Select the act that maximizes happiness (minimizes unhappiness). Taking upper track minimizes unhappiness Therefore, trolley driver morally ought to take upper track
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Case 9: (6.5 in text) Kevin is the engineering manager for the county road commission. He must decide what to do about Forest Drive, a local, narrow, two-lane road. For each of the past 7 years, at least one person has suffered a fatal automobile accident by crashing into trees, which grow close to the road. Many other accidents have also occurred, causing serious injuries, wrecked cars, and damaged trees. Kevin is considering widening the road. Thirty trees will have to be cut down for him to do this. Kevin is already
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This note was uploaded on 09/11/2010 for the course ENGR 482 taught by Professor Russell during the Fall '08 term at Texas A&M.

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Utilitarianism1 - Ethics of Utilitarianism s I. Bottom- Up...

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