OrgChartsHandout

OrgChartsHandout - CVEN / MEEN / INEN 333 Project...

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CVEN / MEEN / INEN 333 Project Management for Engineers Project Organizations K. F. Reinschmidt kreinschmidt@civil.tamu.edu Organizational Design Objectives ± Facilitate communications ± Develop a sense of common purpose ± Encourage cooperation ± Achieve project goals related to: time cost quality (performance, scope) Project Management “Getting the players; that’s not hard. Getting them to play together, that’s the hard part.” Casey Stengel Organizational Design ± What aspects of the organization’s activities need to be closely integrated if the overall task is to be achieved? ± What organizational measures will provide an appropriate measure of control and integration of work activities, while at the same time meeting the needs of people and facilitating motivation? Balancing Technical and Human Skills Technical Skills High Low Human Skills Junior Senior Supervisor Middle Senior President Team Member Team Member Manager Officer Organizational Design ± McGregor’s Theory X ± McGregor’s Theory Y
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Maslow’s Hierarchy of Needs ± Basic physiological needs (food, shelter, clothing; money to buy these things) ± Safety (security; economic security, job security) ± Social needs (belonging; group membership, group cohesion) ± Esteem (self respect; recognition by others; professional recognition and respect) ± Self-actualization (creativity; maximizing ones potential; being the best one can be) After Abraham Maslow, Motivation and Personality , 1954 Functional Organization General Manager Engineering Production Sales Marketing Director Level Division Level Department Level Section Level Functional Responsibility The Classical Management Structure Admin. Division Manager Departmental Project Management Department Z Department X Department Y Project Leaders Project Leaders Project Leaders Section Level Section Level Section Level Functional Structure Characteristics ± Budgeting and cost control. ± Technical control. Specialists co-located to share technical knowledge and responsibility. Personnel assigned to multiple projects (multitasking). Better utilization of scarce technical personnel All projects benefit from the most advanced technology. ± Flexibility in the use of manpower. Functional Structure Characteristics (Continued) ± Continuity in the functional disciplines; policies, procedures, standards, and lines of responsibility are more easily defined and understood. ± Permits mass production activities within established specifications.
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Functional Structure Characteristics (Continued) ± Each employee has only one person to report to (on the organization chart). ± Communication channels are vertical and well established. ± Quick reaction capability, dependent on the priorities of the functional managers.
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OrgChartsHandout - CVEN / MEEN / INEN 333 Project...

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