Chapter_6_Learning_Objectives

Chapter_6_Learning_Objectives - Chapter Learning Objectives...

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Chapter Learning Objectives Chapter 6: Energy Flow in the Life of a Cell 6.1 What is energy? Distinguish between kinetic and potential energy o Kinetic energy-energy of movement o Potential energy- stored energy Explain the first and second laws of thermodynamics in your own words o The first law states that energy in a closed system remains constant o The second states that when energy is converted from one form to another, the amount of useful energy decreases Explain why highly ordered living organisms do not violate the second law of thermodynamics o Entropy is caused and an increase of randomness, disorder, and low level energy 6.2 How does energy flow in chemical reactions? Distinguish between exergonic and endergonic reactions in terms of free energy change o Exergonic reactions, the reactants have more free energy than the products o Endergonic- the products have more energy than the reactants Explain why an investment of activation energy is necessary to initiate a
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