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education final

education final - 1 CUMULATIVE...

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CUMULATIVE: Progressivism, Essentialism, and Perennialism CHAPTER 7 AND 8 -Explain the role/responsibility of the following in influencing curriculum and policy and/or financing education: Federal State - each state has legal responsibility for supporting and maintaining the public schools within its  borders…they: *enact legislation, *determine state school taxes and financial aid to local school districts, *set  minimum standards for training and recruiting personnel, *provide curriculum guidelines (some states also  establish approved textbook lists), *establishes assessment requirements, *makes provisions for accrediting  schools, *provides special services such as student transportation and free textbooks.  The  state school code  is the collection of laws that establishes way of operating schools and conducting education in the  states.   Local Teachers Parents - the public supports the idea of parental involvement and believe that parents play an integral role  in children’s education.  Because of this support, parental involvement is a key component in the NCLB Act.  Teachers perceive that parents are reluctant to take full advantage of existing opportunities to involve  themselves with their children’s schooling.  In a survey, only 42% of parents claimed they volunteered at  school…some parents avoid school involvements because of feeling of inadequacy, negative experiences in school  as students, and negative perceptions of teacher attitudes.    1
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-Demographics of school board members Local school boards have been delegated and assume significant decision-making responsibility.  They have the  power to raise money through tax initiatives and exercise power over personnel and school property.  Some  states leave the curriculum and student policy largely to them.  Methods of selecting board members are  prescribed by state law, but 95% of school board members are chosen through an election.   Most school boards fall within a 5 to 8 member range.  Surveys were done that stated only 20% of minority  members were part of the school board.  People who tend to be part of the school board are older, wealthier, and  usually professionals or businesspeople.  Almost all are parents and 48% have children enrolled in the school  currently.  Meetings consist of regular, special, and executive.  The 1 st  2 are usually open to the public, while the  3 rd  is usually private—which usually regard individual children, personnel issues, or acquisition to property.   -Pros/cons of charter schools PRO: Charter schools provide an alternative vision of schooling that is not realized in the traditional public school 
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