Test 3 Study Guide

Test 3 Study Guide - Study Guide Exam 3 – Population...

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Ch. 6 -- Fertility 1. What is ‘fecundity’? What is “fertility”? Fecundity – the capacity of a woman, man, or couple to produce a child; Fertility – the actual performance of an individual, couple, group or a population 2. What does the ‘child-woman ratio’ tell us? Child-Woman Ratio – the number of children under 5 years old per 1000 women aged 15-49 years in a population 3. Why is the ‘general fertility’ measure a more refined measure of fertility? Births/females x 1000 General Fertility Rate – the annual number of live births per 1000 women in the childbearing age group (ages 15-44) 4. What does the ‘age-specific’ birth rate measure? The ‘gross reproduction rate’? Rate of the population change obtained for a specific age group; Gross reproductive rate – the average number of daughters a woman would bear if she passed through her entire reproductive life at the prevailing age-specific fertility rates 5. What are the ‘biological’ determinants of fertility? The ‘social’ variables? Biological – Age, Health and Nutritional Status, and the Physical Environment; Social Variables – marriage patterns, contraceptive practices, and abortions 6. How can venereal diseases affect fertility/fecundity rates? If left untreated, they cause sterility. 7. What are the environmental determinants (book and class discussion) of fertility? Altitude is thought to have an effect on fecundity, not proven though. 8. What are the ‘intermediate variables’ in the ‘social variables’ category that plays a role in fertility rates? Intermediate variables – factors that affect exposure to intercourse; factors that affect exposure to conception; facts that affect gestation and successful parturition; social variables = marriage patterns, contraceptive practices and abortions 9. What are the 4 most important factors in fertility decline, according to a 1993 study cited in your text? the use of effective contraceptives, the age of marriage, length of time after child-birth that a woman cannot conceive (because of either sustained breast feeding or abstinence) and abortion 10. What is the percentage of US single mothers giving birth in this country? In 2001, it was 33.5% 11. Which forms of contraception are the most widely-used in US for married women ages 15-45? Sterilization, followed by oral contraceptives and condoms 12. What can you say about Kenya’s fertility rates over the last several decades? And the social/cultural norms of that society? Highest fertility rate in the world. Tribal pressures affect Kenyans more than the government laws. Children are essential because majority of citizens work on their land. In 2004, rates dropped to 5 due to info on contraceptives. It was 8 in 1988. 13. What can you say about Italy’s fertility rates over the last several decades?
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Test 3 Study Guide - Study Guide Exam 3 – Population...

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