Moral Development_Attachment_Dying CH 10

Moral Development_Attachment_Dying CH 10 - Moral...

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Moral Development
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Moral Dilemma You walk up to an ATM and, before you can put your card in, the machine begins dispensing money. You count the money when it’s finished and the sum is $10,000. Assuming there is no way that taking this money could ever be traced to you, you decide to keep half and donate the other half to a local soup kitchen. Did you do something wrong? How did you decide what to do?
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Kohlberg’s Theory of Moral Reasoning Kohlberg was a student of Piaget’s. Surveyed large numbers of people in “moral _dillema____” scenarios Not interested in whether people surveyed believed a hypothetical character’s actions were ___right__ or _____wrong__. Interested instead in ____WHY__ the character’s actions were judged right or wrong.
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Stages of Moral Development On the basis of results from thousands of participants, Kohlberg creates infers a theory of moral development. Distinguishes 3 levels (comprised of 2 stages or “orientations” each) of moral development, each characterized by different explanations for why a given behavior was “wrong” or “right.”
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Moral Reasoning in: _Young Children__ __Preconventional ____ Morality Make decisions about right and wrong based upon their ability to avoid punishment (at the lowest level) and to gain reward (at the next-to-lowest level) Indicates a fixation on the immediate and _ personal __ consequences of one’s actions.
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Stage 1: Obedience and Punishment Obedience serves the end of avoiding punishment. “Taking a cookie without permission is wrong because you get a timeout.”
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Stage 2: Naively ____Egoistic_____ Morally right behavior is that which increases the child’s personal ___reward___ and meets their needs. “Cleaning up my room is good because I’ll get my allowance and then I can buy a new toy at the store.
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The ATM Scenario “Taking the money is wrong because you could end up going to jail.” “Taking the money is okay because you could use it to buy new clothes and nobody else will find out about it.”
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___Conventional_____ Morality Demonstrate an understanding that other people have _expectations___ for their behavior. Believe that behaviors are right or wrong
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This note was uploaded on 09/12/2010 for the course PSYC 86-407 taught by Professor Vandellen during the Spring '08 term at University of Georgia Athens.

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Moral Development_Attachment_Dying CH 10 - Moral...

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