Final Exam Psych Disorders FULL VERSION

Final Exam Psych Disorders FULL VERSION - Psychological...

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Psychological Disorders and Their Treatment
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What is Pathological?
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Defining Abnormality Relative Frequency / Rarity Departure from Norms Personal Suffering
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1. Statistical Infrequency Examples: Aliens are reading my brain waves. God hears my prayers. Drawbacks of the statistical infrequency criterion Some rare abilities are prized. Labeling nonconformists sets stage for oppression. How abnormal must abnormal be?
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2. Norm Violation “Cultural rules that dictate how we should or should not behave in various situations.” When people behave in ways that are unusual (or disturbing) enough to violate social norms, they may be described as abnormal. Problems: Abnormal or Illegal? Insignificant Norm Violations A friend who stands to close while talking to you Which culture serves as the “standard?”
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3. Suffering Personal Suffering Criterion most relied-upon for seeking treatment Problems Suffering from non-pathological conditions Lost Love One; Homosexuality Severely troubled people may not feel distressed Personality Disorders (e.g. Borderline)
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An Integrative Approach Uses each of the above criteria Considerations: Content of behavior: What the person does Context of behavior: Socio-cultural norms Consequences of behavior: For both the person under consideration and others Special attention is given to whether the person’s thoughts, behaviors and/or emotions are causing trouble in family, social or occupational life.
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Defining Psychopathology Patterns of thought, emotion and behavior that result in personal distress or significant impairment in a person’s functioning . Family Life Socially Occupationally Due to this relatively “loose” definition, psychopathology is extremely common in the USA!
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Prevalence in the USA In any given year, 30% of the adult population in the US display some form of mental disorder. 48% have experienced a disorder at some point in their lives. 20% of US children display significant mental disorders in any given year. In a study of 14 countries from around the world, the US numbers are representative of what’s happening globally.
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Historical Views on Psychopathology Possession by Spirits Innocent victims (New Testament exorcisms) Moral deviants (Salem witch trials) Hippocrates and Galen Sought purely physical explanations Who’s right? Does it necessarily have to be either/or?
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Matthew 17:14-18 “…A man came to Jesus, kneeling down to him and saying, ‘Lord, have mercy on my son, for he is an epileptic and suffers severely; for he often falls into the fire and often into the water. So I brought him to your disciples, but they
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This note was uploaded on 09/12/2010 for the course PSYC 86-407 taught by Professor Vandellen during the Spring '08 term at University of Georgia Athens.

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Final Exam Psych Disorders FULL VERSION - Psychological...

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