Final Exam ch. 12

Final Exam ch. 12 - Moral Development Moral Dilemma You...

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Moral Development
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Moral Dilemma You walk up to an ATM and, before you can put your card in, the machine begins dispensing money. You count the money when it’s finished and the sum is $10,000. Assuming there is no way that taking this money could ever be traced to you, you decide to keep half and donate the other half to a local soup kitchen. Did you do something wrong? How did you decide what to do?
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Kohlberg’s Theory of Moral Reasoning Kohlberg was a student of Piaget’s. Surveyed large numbers of people in “moral __________________” scenarios Not interested in whether people surveyed believed a hypothetical character’s actions were ____________ or ____________. Interested instead in ___________ the character’s actions were judged right or wrong.
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Stages of Moral Development On the basis of results from thousands of participants, Kohlberg creates infers a theory of moral development. Distinguishes 3 levels (comprised of 2 stages or “orientations” each) of moral development, each characterized by different explanations for why a given behavior was “wrong” or “right.”
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Moral Reasoning in: Young Children Preconcventional Morality Make decisions about right and wrong based upon their ability to avoid punishment (at the lowest level) and to gain reward (at the next-to-lowest level) Indicates a fixation on the immediate and personal consequences of one’s actions.
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Stage 1: Obedience and Punishment Obedience serves the end of avoiding punishment. “Taking a cookie without permission is wrong because you get a timeout.”
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Stage 2: Naively Egoistic Morally right behavior is that which increases the child’s personal reward and meets their needs. “Cleaning up my room is good because I’ll get my allowance and then I can buy a new toy at the store.
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The ATM Scenario “Taking the money is wrong because you could end up going to jail.” “Taking the money is okay because you could use it to buy new clothes and nobody else will find out about it.”
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Moral Reasoning in Adoloscents Conventional Morality Demonstrate an understanding that other people have expectations for their behavior.
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Final Exam ch. 12 - Moral Development Moral Dilemma You...

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