ch 5 pt 1 - Ch 5 How Do We Learn Part I Learning Through...

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Ch 5: How Do We Learn? Part I: Learning Through Mere Exposure and Association
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Learning to Live Nature: __________________ Nurture: ______________________ Learning: acquisition of skills needed to survive
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Definitions Learning is a relatively permanent change in behavior or behavior potential as a result of experience. (Pastorino text) Learning is the adaptive process through which experience modifies pre-existing behavior and understanding . (RLS)
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Defining Learning May or may not be _________________ change (relatively) Not restricted to _________________ Learning is related to experience
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Early Thought On Learning Aristotle: Humans are born “tabula rasa”. All knowledge is formed based upon learned associations : Similarity Contrast Contiguity Temporal Contiguity
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Very Simple Learning “Level 1” Learning: Accomplished by ___________ _______________________ Habituation Sensitization
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Habituation: Learning to Ignore Orientating reflex – orient sense organs in direction of _____________________ stimuli Retina Superior Colliculus (Visual orienting) Cochlea Inferior Colliculus (Auditory orienting) Habituation – when a stimulus is repeated over and over again the orienting reflex _________________ or ______________
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