1101 CH 1 POST - Chapter 1 What Is Psychology? Common...

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Unformatted text preview: Chapter 1 What Is Psychology? Common Misconceptions Psychology is just about life counseling. Psychology is just common sense. Psychology is just about treating mental illnesses. Counseling / Mental Illness Partly true: _________% of psychologists counsel or otherwise treat patients. But as we shall see, the umbrella term psychologist can apply to a cornucopia of specialties. Common Sense Many psychological findings are indeed intuitive (e.g. reciprocation norms, stress leading to anxiety and depression, et cetera) Other findings are not so intuitive: Women fall in love more quickly than do men. Kids will come to enjoy a play activity (like drawing) more when rewarded for doing it. Non-Counseling Psychologists Developmental Psychologists Cognitive Psychologists Personality Psychologists Community Psychologists Health Psychologists Educational Psychologists Non-Counseling Psychologists School Psychologists Social Psychologists Industrial/Organizational Psychologists Quantitative Psychologists Forensic Psychologists Biological Psychologists/Behavioral Neuroscientists So, how do we define psychology? The _____________________ study of ___________________ processes and ________________ . A Brief History of Psychology Hermann Ebbinghaus: Psychology has a ___________ __________ but a _____________ ___________________. Philosophical questions dating back to Ancient Greece and before Development of reason and the scientific method From Wundts lab to the present Contributions of Philosophy Ancient Greeks Scientific Revolution British Empiricists Physiological Studies Ancient Greeks Xenophanes and Thales: Sought natural explanations for health and behavior Alcmaeon: Father of Greek Medicine; documented first systematic animal dissections; recognized brains role in cognition (versus Aristotle) Hippocrates: Father of Western Medicine; Advocates the practice of medicine devoid of religious rituals. Ancient Greeks Socrates Believed that all knowledge was innate Reincarnation: All of our souls have been through thousands of generations. The Socratic Method vis--vis Nativism Aristotle Believed that knowledge was based upon learned associations Similarity, Contrast, Contiguity Scientific Revolution Advocated by _______________________ in Novum Organum (1620). ______________________ Method: Collect reliable information by experimentation. Make minor generalizations based upon your observations. Replicate the observations in order to establish scientific laws....
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This note was uploaded on 09/12/2010 for the course PSYC 86-407 taught by Professor Vandellen during the Spring '08 term at University of Georgia Athens.

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1101 CH 1 POST - Chapter 1 What Is Psychology? Common...

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