LFIT Fall 2009 Study Guide

LFIT Fall 2009 Study Guide - Module 1 1 Cardiovascular...

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Module 1: 1. Cardiovascular Disease and Cancer 2. Decreased levels of physical activity eat more calories than they expend 3. a. increase quality and years of healthy life b. eliminate health disparities Chapter 1: (i didn't know exactly what to say for these questions because they are very person specific, but this is what i got) 1. a. need a clear vision, define goals precisely, and actively work to attain those goals each day b. choose five reasons for getting fit, revisit those reasons whenever you don't feel like exercising c. definition needs to be specific, realistic, and measurable... SMART Goal-Setting... Specific, Measurable, Aggressive, Realistic, Time-Bound Module 2 What is cardiovascular disease and who does it affect? o Cardiovascular disease is a broad term used to describe a range of diseases that affect the heart or blood vessels. People with unhealthy lifestyles such as smoking and a high fat diet are affected by cardiovascular diseases What are the national health objectives? o Healthy people 2010 addresses 10 major areas of focus: physical activity, obesity, tobacco use, mental health, injury and violence, substance abuse, responsible sexual behavior, immunization, access to health care and environmental quality. Familiarize yourself with cholesterol, blood pressure, diabetes, and other common diseases in America. o Bad cholesterol-blood lipids (aka cholesterol and triglycerides) are carried in the blood stream by protein molecules known as low density lipoproteins. Healthy level is <200. o Diabetes-condition in which blood glucose or "blood sugar" is unable to enter the cells either because the pancreas is unable to produce insulin or the cells have become insulin resistant. o Obesity is defined as having an excessive amount of body fat versus overweight, which is defined as having excess body weight relative to height. What is the recommended amount of physical exercise? o Recommended amount of physical exercise- 30 min of moderate physical activity at least 5 days/week Familiarize yourself with the different fitness assessments and what each one measures. What does a comprehensive fitness assessment involve and what is its role in health management? o A fitness assessment is a systematic problem-solving method that provides a basis for making educated decisions about exercise. o Physiological assessments Resting heart rate(RHR) Blood pressure Body composition can be an indication of risk for certain diseases. How can body composition be used as part of a fitness program?
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o Body composition assessment-help determine if an individual's weight and fat % are in healthy or unhealthy ranges Underwater weighing Skin-fold assessments bioelectrical impedance-electrical current run through body to estimate body fat and lean body mass What is BMI?
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