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Chapt1 - 2 e Metabolism i Sum of all chemical reactions f...

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Exam 1 Information Chapter 1: Human Body, Orientation 1. What are Anatomy & Physiology? a. Anatomy- structure i. Examples: 1. Gross – macroscopic 2. Microscopic 3. Regional- Ex. Podiatry (all of the leg skeletal, muscle, skin, etc.) 4. Systemic- what we focus on in this course b. Physiology- function 2. Levels of Organization and Organ systems a. Chemical Cellular Tissue Organ Organ System Organism b. 11 Organ Systems i. Integumentary, Skeletal, Muscular, Nervous, Endocrine, Cardiovascular, Lymphiac/Immune, Respiratory, Digestive, Urinary, Reproductive 3. Key Concepts in A&P (MMMRRED) a. Maintaining boundaries i. Structure determines function 1. Molecular, cellular, organ, organ system ii. Limitation between internal/external environment b. Movement i. 3 Key systems of movement include: 1. Muscular 2. Skeletal 3. Nervous c. Responsiveness i. Responding to internal/external stimuli ii. Nervous and Endocrine system d. Excretion i. Rid of waste (ammonia, urea, CO 2 ) e. Metabolism
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Unformatted text preview: 2 ) e. Metabolism i. Sum of all chemical reactions f. Digestion i. Take in chemical energy in the form of food g. Reproduction i. Produce species h. Homeostasis i. Body equilibrium ii. Ex. Body Temperature iii. Negative Feedback loops 1. Ex. Thermostat 2. Receptor afferent path control center efferent pathway effector iv. Positive Feedback Loop 4. Terminology a. Cranial (Superior) b. Caudal (Inferior) c. Medial (towards midline) d. Lateral (away from midline) e. Ventral (anterior) f. Dorsal (posterior) g. Proximal (closer to head) h. Distal (farther from head) i. Superficial (external) j. Deep (internal) 5. Planes a. Sagittal plane/Median – split left and right b. Transverse – split Superior and inferior c. Frontal – split front back 6. Body Cavities a. Cranial cavity – houses brain b. Vertebral c. Thoracic d. Pericardial -heart e. Pleural – lungs f. Abdominal cavity g. Pelvic cavity...
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