Politics 316 notes - Politics 316 Comparative Politics...

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Unformatted text preview: Politics 316 Comparative Politics January 11 th , 2007-1992 Transnational study Iraq thing 2 American Global Values 1.) Conservative Nationalists- primary focus is on US society- Exceptionalism (U.S. is a unique society) in dealing with the world- U.S. national interests trumps foreign- U.S. as a global leader- exporting values to the world 2.) Liberal Internationalists- global focus- U.S. as part of global community- National goals sought internationally- U.S. as alliance member- U.S. trades information with the world Why we need to know about the world- national security policy- global problem solving- domestic problem solving- Americas impact on the world- sweatshops- greenhouse gases (we create 25% of them) Intermesticity- Problem or phenomenon that is both international and domestic- No real distinction between domestic and foreign politics 3 European Democracies- United Kingdom- Germany- France 3 Former Empires- Russia- China- Japan 3 Third World Countries- South Africa- Iran- Iraq January 16 th , 2007 Nation-State- an independent political entity containing one nation and no significant elements of any other nation - i.e. most are French- examples o France o Germany o Japan Multinational State- an independent political entity containing two or more significant national or ethnic communities- Examples o United Kingdom o Russia o China o South Africa o Iran o Iraq January 18, 2007 The United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland Four Provinces :- England- Scotland- Wales- Northern Ireland- In 1921 Ireland was an independent part of Great Britain- In 1949 they gained complete independence from Great Britain Implications of Insularity- Relative freedom from invasions o Hence no standing army o Hence government by consent- Tendency toward sea-power o Hence far flung empire o Globalism not regionalism Unitary System National Government Regional or Provincial Government Local, County, or Municipal Government Federal System National Government Regional or Provincial Government Local, County, or Municipal Government o Separation from Europe- navy is way stronger than their army- no army, so instead of fighting their citizens, they negotiate with them Economic Geography of British Isles- climate favorable to agriculture- many ports and harbors- substantial raw materials History- about 500BC, Celtic peoples come from Europe (Northern Germany), to settle in both Great Britain and Ireland- Celts were iron age people Roman Invasions- Romans invade (55BC 120AD)- Hadrians wall defines England- This wall defines England by what the Romans conquered, not by physical geography (they did not conquer Scotland or Wales)- Christianity comes to Britain- Language remains Celtic with Latin for scholarship and religion (ecclesiastical language)- Roman Britain falls in 446AD with Anglo-Saxon invasions- Anglo-Saxons conquer England (400-500AD)- Ireland remains Celtic, Gaelic speaking society Early Medieval Britain- Anglo-Saxons converted to Christianity...
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Politics 316 notes - Politics 316 Comparative Politics...

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