JB-2050_Ch_5

JB-2050_Ch_5 - COMD 2050: Chapter 5 Etymology: the study of...

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Unformatted text preview: COMD 2050: Chapter 5 Etymology: the study of the origin and history of a word How are new words created? We create new words because there may not be another way to express ourselves we dont know or cant remember the word to use. The invention of a totally new word. It does not happen often. Its usually a specific brand name that becomes a generic term. Kleenex, xerox, aspirin, coke, band-aid Neologism: a new word in a given language, a newly invented word. Eponym: new word based on the name of a person or place sandwich earl of sandwich, jeans place in italy where the fabric was made Occurs when a word from another language is incorporated into our vocabularies. Ngumbo (African) -> gumbo Mardi Gras (French) Chocolate (Mexican) karaoke (Japanese) Word Source Language Alcohol Arabic Zebra Bantu Graffiti Italian Yogurt Turkish Pretzel German Vampire Serbo-Croatian Bayou Ojibwa (Native American language) Rodeo Spanish Loan translation/calque: a type of borrowing in which the parts of a word from another language are directly translated into the borrowing language....
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JB-2050_Ch_5 - COMD 2050: Chapter 5 Etymology: the study of...

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