This preview has intentionally blurred sections. Sign up to view the full version.View Full Document
Unformatted text preview: Chapter 2- Why Apartheid Changed Its character in 1990 F.W. De Klerk- • Announced all previously banned organizations would be legalized and Nelson Mandela and other imprisoned leaders of the African National Congress and other liberation movement groups would be released from prison. o South Africa viewed these measures as “historic” o I t was an indication that the apartheid regime had come to end and realized that it was wrong • Others like Martin Murray question the actions of F.W. De Klerk o He believes they were gestures designed to buy time for the propertied white oligarchy o Apartheid isn’t really dead • Many argue that the compromise agreement that was reached between the National Party and the ANC was better than nothing and the settlement was a necessary step in the right direction • But the truth is that for Black masses in South Africa, life is not getting better. o For most working or sub-working class life is much harder because of the rise in the cost of living and the wages are staying the same or decreasing. o The employment rate is still incredibly high o The devaluation of South African currency requires workers to work much harder and longer o The gap between the wealthy keeps getting wider. The rich keep getting richer and the poor masses grow poorer Capitalism Promotes Post-Apartheid • Race is a decisive socioeconomic indicator o Whites generally wielding economic affluence and social influence while Blacks remain economically disadvantaged o When discussing the South African economy in Western Capitalist terms, the economy is “White,” in that it is essentially controlled by and basically benefits white people. o In 1993 all Black owned business accounted for less than 1 percent of Africa’s total economic output. Over time it has grown to a whopping 10% • Capitalism has historically defined the typical form of South Africa’s Political economy o As the apartheid edifice began to crumble because of social political pressure capitalist were being wise o They realized the only way to ensure the certainty of capitalist entrenchment in a Black-governed future was through creating the notion of “black economic advancement” o They would do this by creating a vibrant and visible yet very small Black elite that would support white capital through monetary incentives such as corporate board memberships and stock ownership options. o The Black elite then would be captivated by capitalism as to believe that capitalism is the only way to Black economic power o In essence the black elite will agree with the capital politics and ignore the black working class and underclass poverty o I ts plan is to ensure the cooperation of the black rulers of south Africa through promises of lucrative economic gain o According to the author I t is clear from the unfolding of events in South Africa today that the people who ruled South Africa then were also capitalist • The reality is that the majority of the white population adheres to the ideology of...
View Full Document
- Spring '08
- Apartheid, White people, African National Congress