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Unformatted text preview: Chapter 2- Why Apartheid Changed Its character in 1990 F.W. De Klerk- Announced all previously banned organizations would be legalized and Nelson Mandela and other imprisoned leaders of the African National Congress and other liberation movement groups would be released from prison. o South Africa viewed these measures as historic o I t was an indication that the apartheid regime had come to end and realized that it was wrong Others like Martin Murray question the actions of F.W. De Klerk o He believes they were gestures designed to buy time for the propertied white oligarchy o Apartheid isnt really dead Many argue that the compromise agreement that was reached between the National Party and the ANC was better than nothing and the settlement was a necessary step in the right direction But the truth is that for Black masses in South Africa, life is not getting better. o For most working or sub-working class life is much harder because of the rise in the cost of living and the wages are staying the same or decreasing. o The employment rate is still incredibly high o The devaluation of South African currency requires workers to work much harder and longer o The gap between the wealthy keeps getting wider. The rich keep getting richer and the poor masses grow poorer Capitalism Promotes Post-Apartheid Race is a decisive socioeconomic indicator o Whites generally wielding economic affluence and social influence while Blacks remain economically disadvantaged o When discussing the South African economy in Western Capitalist terms, the economy is White, in that it is essentially controlled by and basically benefits white people. o In 1993 all Black owned business accounted for less than 1 percent of Africas total economic output. Over time it has grown to a whopping 10% Capitalism has historically defined the typical form of South Africas Political economy o As the apartheid edifice began to crumble because of social political pressure capitalist were being wise o They realized the only way to ensure the certainty of capitalist entrenchment in a Black-governed future was through creating the notion of black economic advancement o They would do this by creating a vibrant and visible yet very small Black elite that would support white capital through monetary incentives such as corporate board memberships and stock ownership options. o The Black elite then would be captivated by capitalism as to believe that capitalism is the only way to Black economic power o In essence the black elite will agree with the capital politics and ignore the black working class and underclass poverty o I ts plan is to ensure the cooperation of the black rulers of south Africa through promises of lucrative economic gain o According to the author I t is clear from the unfolding of events in South Africa today that the people who ruled South Africa then were also capitalist The reality is that the majority of the white population adheres to the ideology of...
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This note was uploaded on 09/13/2010 for the course AFAS 220 taught by Professor Bowens during the Spring '08 term at University of Arizona- Tucson.
- Spring '08