social_exam_1_key

social_exam_1_key - 1. Based on early research by Norman...

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1. Based on early research by Norman Triplett with racing cyclists, we should expect that people who exercise on rowing machines at gyms, among other people, would be more likely to __________ than people who exercise on the same machines in the privacy of their homes. a. burn more calories b. burn less calories c. feel a sense of accomplishment d. feel a sense of failure ANS: A PG: 5 2. Suppose that you own a rowboat and sometimes go rowing out on the lake. In June you are planning to go rowing with two of your friends (three people total in the boat), and in July you are planning to go rowing with just one friend (two people total in the boat). Will you put in more effort (row harder) on the three-person trip or on the two-person trip? a. You will put in more effort on the three-person trip. b. You will put in more effort on the two-person trip. c. You will put in the same amount of effort on both trips. d. It is impossible to say—no research has examined this question. ANS: B PG: 5 3. As a rule, social psychologists are primarily interested in a. normal adult human beings. b. abnormal (mentally ill) adult human beings. c. normal human children (rather than adults). d. nonhuman animals. ANS: A PG: 8 4. Which of the following is an example of an “affect”? a. A case study b. A nervous twitch c. Happiness d. Wanting to help pass legislation that will protect the environment ANS: C PG: 8 5. Martin believes that his blue coat is warmer than his red coat. Ted thinks that he might want to have kids sometime in the next few years. Yesi remembers playing baseball with her friends as a child. These are all examples of a. delusions. b. schemas. c. affects. d. cognitions. ANS: D PG: 8 6. Compared to personality psychologists, clinical psychologists, and even behaviorists, social psychologists are more likely to attempt to explain a person’s behavior by looking to a. the person’s unconscious motivations b. the person’s personality c. the immediate situation that the person is in d. the person’s childhood
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ANS: C PG: 8 7. Suppose that Roger holds a number of negative stereotypes about women; he thinks that most women are manipulative, vain, and lazy. In trying to understand why Roger holds these stereotypes, which of the following questions would a social psychologist be most likely to ask? a. Does Roger actually feel intimidated by women, and only harbor negative stereotyped so that he can “cover up” this feeling of intimidation? b. Did Roger have a difficult relationship with his mother as an infant and young child that might have fostered negative attitudes toward all women? c. Does Roger have a physical brain abnormality? d. Has Roger been exposed to these stereotypes in the media, or has he perhaps had a few limited (but negative) interactions with women that might have helped to perpetuate these stereotypes? ANS:
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social_exam_1_key - 1. Based on early research by Norman...

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