social_exam_2_key

social_exam_2_key - Social Psychology Exam 2 Fall 2007 KEY...

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Social Psychology Exam 2 Fall 2007 KEY 1. A psychologist who performs research on social cognition would be most likely to study a. the tendency for people to assume that their faults are more common and widespread than they really are. b. the tendency for people to comply with authority figures even when they know that what they are doing is wrong. c. the tendency for people to feel deindividuated, or anonymous, when they participate in large, tight-knit groups. d. male-female differences in the content of same-gender relationships. ANS: A PG: 147 2. Research indicates that the topic people think about most is a. other people. b. sex. c. food. d. money. ANS: A PG: 147 3. Suppose that you have a certain idea about what a tropical island should be like: It should have palm trees, a warm climate, and contain plenty of bars that serve cocktails with paper umbrellas. Your general understanding of what a tropical island is all about is most clearly an example of a. a script. b. a schema. c. a heuristic. d. magical thinking. ANS: B PG: 151 4. You have just spent the afternoon volunteering at the local hospital, helping patients with a variety of ailments. Even though you are not actually ill at all, as you walk home from the hospital you do so with a slight limp, and begin lightly coughing. What phenomenon is most likely to be responsible for this? a. attribution b. priming c. framing d. scripting ANS: B PG: 153 5. Why did the clown park his car in a red zone, where he might get a ticket? If you assume that the clown is a crazy jerk, then you are engaging in a. the confirmation bias. b. an illusory correlation. c. the fundamental attribution error. d. the ultimate attribution error. ANS: C PG: 158
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6. After Hurricane Katrina, many poor people were stranded without access to food, shelter, or other resources. Some people who saw media reports on the hurricane victims thought: “Why didn’t they simply take the family minivan and go stay in a hotel outside of the city? Those people must be idiots.” In making this sort of interpretation, such people were actually making a. downward social comparisons. b. upward social comparisons. c. the fundamental attribution error. d. the ultimate attribution error. ANS: D PG: 158 7. It would not be surprising if people overestimated the likelihood for celebrity marriages to end in divorce, since celebrity divorces tend to be highly publicized (while happy celebrity marriages do not as easily make front page news). The overestimation could be explained in terms of a. the representativeness heuristic. b. the availability heuristic. c. the anchoring and adjustment heuristic. d. information overload ANS: B PG: 162 8. According to the false consensus effect, most people a. overestimate the degree to which others share their attitudes and opinions. b.
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This note was uploaded on 09/13/2010 for the course PSC 78918 taught by Professor Dawnteearly during the Spring '09 term at UC Davis.

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social_exam_2_key - Social Psychology Exam 2 Fall 2007 KEY...

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