Unformatted text preview: APA (American APA (American Psychological Association) Format & Style
Some Practical Guidelines EDITORIAL STYLE:
“set of rules or guidelines that a publisher follows to ensure clear and consistent presentation of written material” this includes punctuation, abbreviation, organization, and also CITATIONS and REFERENCES important to establish a system so that papers and publications are consistent and easy to read and reference Avoiding Plagiarism Avoiding Plagiarism The use of any idea, whether it is a direct quote or not, that is taken from a source and not cited properly is considered plagiarism the only exception to that is common knowledge For example, that the Earth’s oceans are made up of salt water would be considered common knowledge The fluctuating saline level of the Pacific ocean as measured by a certain study would not Two APA Essentials Two APA Essentials Intext citations Citations embedded within the test of your paper Instead of a bibliography List of References InText Citations InText Citations If you are referring to an idea taken from another work: You still must cite the source Only the last name and the date of publication are necessary Example: Yes, paraphrasing of an original idea still needs to be cited (Boudewyn, 2007). Intext Citations Cont. Intext Citations Cont. If you are directly quoting from another text, you must include: Examples: Author Year of publication Page number According to Boudewyn (2007), “Microsoft PowerPoint is a useful yet sometimes complicated tool” (p. 5). Boudewyn (2007) reported “occasional technical difficulties with the program” (p. 5), however… …that said, she stated that “it was still fairly userfriendly,” (Boudewyn, 2007, p. 5), which brings us to our next topic. InText Citations: Multiple Authors InText Citations: Multiple Authors Two authors Use both names every time: Three to Five authors: In a presentation by Boudewyn and Steckley (2007)… …(Boudewyn & Steckley, 2007). List all the authors the first time you cite them Then use “et al.” (Boudewyn, Steckley, and Jiang, 2007). (Boudewyn et al., 2007). Unknown author: Use the title, followed by the date
(“APA Format & Style”, 2007). Reference Lists: Things to Reference Lists: Things to Remember Last names always go first, then just the initial of the first/middle name Use hanging indentation (every line after first indented) For journal titles, make sure to capitalize all the major words Do not italicize the titles of short publications like journal articles Title Page: Things to Remember Title Page: Things to Remember Needs a running head Needs a title Needs an author Also needs an affiliation, which for all of us here is UCD Links Links http://apastyle.apa.org/ http://owl.english.purdue.edu/owl/resource/679/01 http://www.uca.edu/cfac/wrsp/owl/LINKS/Onl ineHandouts/APA.htm http://academic.brooklyn.cuny.edu/polisci/pcurrah/ http://academic.brooklyn.cuny.edu/polisci/pcurrah ...
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- Fall '09
- intext citations, Citations InText Citations, Boudewyn