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Unformatted text preview: 1 Early social learning and behavior Chapter 20 • This section is about more than just learning • motivation, emotion, and plasticity not based on learning • these are topics that don’t always get the attention they deserve. Preempted by intense focus on cognitive aspects of development Motivation and emotion • remember previous phenomena of IDS (intrinsic perceptual and effective salience of vocal melodies, modulation of attention, arousal and affect) • these illustrate how motivationally and emotionally potent the sounds of IDS are to human infants • therefore how useful they are for caregivers in • managing the infant’s emotional state • directing infant’s attention to experiences that foster it’s social development • IDS work links nicely to another popular domain of behavior and social learning using non-humans - Flial imprinting (youngster becoming attached to caregiver) • reveals the importance of motivation and emotion, • the early and strong motivation to follow (usually mom) cascades into learning experiences that contribute to social development 2 • The learning component of Flial imprinting • Douglas Spalding (1840-1877) and Konrad Lorenz (1901-1989) • Lorenz characterized this process as • fast, possible only during a critical period, irreversible, fragile, and a learning process that does not require conventional conditioning processes • he was only partially correct • ¡ragile learning process • Lorenz had goslings imprint on himself • the fact that they would imprint on him, and other unnatural objects, made this important process seem paradoxical • fragile • But, more sources of internal guidance to this process than Lorenz realized Goslings imprinted on K. Lorenz • ¡ragile learning process • Lorenz had goslings imprint on himself • the fact that they would imprint on him, and other unnatural objects, made this important process seem paradoxical • ¡ragile (unreliable) • But, more sources of internal guidance to this process than Lorenz realized 3...
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- Spring '08
- Ethology, Konrad Lorenz, Imprinting, filial imprinting