personality_disorders_and_impulse_control_disorders-post

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Personality Disorders and Personality Disorders and Impulse Control Disorders Impulse Control Disorders Dr. Nolan Zane Dr. Nolan Zane
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Personality disorders: Personality -- stable, consistent organization of person's behavioral dispositions, attitudes, and values that determine how the person adapts and reacts to the environment.
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Characteristics Personality disorder – Chronic, stable (across situations), internalized personality patterns or traits that are maladaptive in terms of functioning or causing great subjective distress. Social difficulties, subjective distress, or problems in functioning; primarily maladaptive in functioning. Account for 5 to 15 percent of admissions to hospitals and outpatient clinics; overall lifetime prevalence between 10 and 13 percent Gender distribution: More men have paranoid, obsessive- compulsive, and antisocial disorders; more women have borderline, dependent, and histrionic disorders.
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Etiological and treatment considerations for personality disorders Genetics – Tellegen et al. (1988) concordance rate higher among identical twins (100% shared genetic material) than dizygotic twins. Family environment – genetic characteristics may be reinforced by the environment. Environmental niches may “protect” or perpetuate such adaptations. Treatment – stable personalities so there is no break with reality; these people can function and are not in distress most of the time even though they can experience great distress from interaction with others.
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Disorders characterized by odd or eccentric behaviors Paranoid personality disorder: unwarranted suspiciousness, lack of emotion, hypersensitivity. Schizotypal personality disorder: Oddities of thinking and behavior without loss of contact with reality; social isolation is a secondary symptom; higher risk of schizotypal disorder among relatives of schizophrenics.
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Disorders characterized by dramatic, emotional or erratic behavior Histrionic personality disorder: Self-dramatizing,
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