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mood_disorders-post - Mood Disorders Mood Dr. Nolan Zane...

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Mood Disorders Mood Disorders Dr. Nolan Zane Dr. Nolan Zane
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Mood Disorders Disturbances in emotions that cause subjective discomfort, hinder a person’s ability to function, or both Depression and mania are central to these disorders. Depression : Emotional state characterized by intense sadness, feelings of futility and worthlessness, and withdrawal from others Mania : Emotional state characterized by elevated mood, expansiveness, or irritability, often resulting in hyperactivity
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Mood Disorders (cont’d) Depression occurs ten times as frequently as mania. Depression is the most common complaint of individuals seeking mental health care. Epidemiologic catchment area survey: 2.3% of adult males and 5% of adult females in the U.S. have a mood disorder in a one-year period.
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Mood Disorders (cont’d) Lifetime prevalence: Severe depression: 5-12% of males and 10-25% of females Mood disorder: 15% of males and 24% of females Risk of another episode increases with each episode 50% after one episode, 70% after second, 90% after third
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The Symptoms of Depression Affective: Depressed mood, dejection, excessive and prolonged mourning, worthlessness, lack of joy Cognitive: Pessimism, decreased energy, disinterest, loss of motivation Cognitive triad: Negative views of self, outside world, and the future
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The Symptoms of Depression (cont’d) Behavioral: Social withdrawal, lowered work productivity, lack of personal cleanliness, slow speech Psychomotor retardation: Slowing of bodily movements, expressive gestures, and spontaneous responses Physiological: Loss of appetite/weight, constipation, sleep disturbance, disruption of menstrual cycle, aversion to sexual activity
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The Symptoms of Mania Affective : Elevated, expansive, irritable mood; if frustrated, may become belligerent Impaired social and occupational functioning Boundless energy, enthusiasm, self-assertion Cognitive : Flightiness, pressured thoughts, lack of focus and attention, poor judgment
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The Symptoms of Mania (cont’d) Behavioral : Uninhibited, impulsive sexual activity, abusive discourse Hypomania : “High” mood and overactive behavior; poor
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mood_disorders-post - Mood Disorders Mood Dr. Nolan Zane...

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