Lect+5.+6+slides+per+page

Lect+5.+6+slides+per+page - Lecture 5 Cognitive...

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1 Cognitive Developmental Approaches I Piaget’s Theory Lecture 5 s Today: s Jean Piaget’s Theory s Next time: s Socio-cultural approach (Lev Vygotsky) s Information Processing Theories s Core Knowledge Theories Jean Piaget (1896-1980) s Looked at kids’ mistakes s How do children reason? s How does knowledge grow? s Children don’t think like adults s Challenged the then prevailing assumption that children are miniature adults s Developed his theory based on extensive observations on his own children Piaget’s Theory: Important Concepts s Constructivism s Knowledge is constructed through experience with the world s The child is an active participant in his/her own development I think that all structures are constructed and that the fundamental feature is the course of this construction: Nothing is given at the start, except some limiting points on which all the rest is based. The structures are neither given in advance in the human mind nor in the external world, as we perceive or organize it. s Schemas s Knowledge structures that guide the child how to act on the world s Adaptation processes s Assimilation s Accommodation s Equilibrium s Disequilibrium Piaget’s Theory: Important Concepts Piaget: Learning Equilibration Assimilation Accommodation
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2 Piaget’s Stages of Cognitive Development s Sensorimotor period (0-2ys) s Preoperational period (2-7ys) s Concrete operations period (7-11ys) s What can infants in the Sensorimotor
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Lect+5.+6+slides+per+page - Lecture 5 Cognitive...

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