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Lect+8.+6+slides+per+page - Lecture 8 Outline Theory of...

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1 Theory of Mind Children understanding of their own and others’ mental states Lecture 8 Outline s The Development of Knowledge about the Mind s Intentions s Desires s Beliefs What do we need to know in order to understand people’s minds? s Distinguish Agents from Non-Agents s Understand the Unobservable (Mental) Causes of People’s Actions s s Desires s Beliefs s Understand the Mental-Physical Distinction Identifying Other Agents s Early newborns’ behaviors s Attend to social stimuli s Differentiate objects from agents s They smile more to humans than objects s They imitate humans s They don’t imitate objects Identifying Other Agents s What characteristics clue them in to the fact that it’s an agent? s Self-propelled movement? s Woodward’s research Self-propelled motion? Habituation Trials Group1: Human Hand Group 2: Mechanical Claw Reaching for the bear
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2 Self-propelled motion? Dishabituation (Test) Trials: Switch location of toys old-goal/new-path new-goal/old-path Group 1: Hand Group 2: Claw Identifying Other Agents s How do infants identify agents? s Self-propelled movement? s Texture (skin)? s Voice? s Gaze? s Infants identify agents using multiple indicators Invisible Properties of Human Agents c Humans are self-propelled (by invisible forces) s Human action is intentional (has goals) s Human action is motivated by desires and beliefs (invisible mental forces) s When does understanding of these mental
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