Lect+12.+6+slides+per+page

Lect+12.+6+slides+per+page - 5/14/2008 Outline The...

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5/14/2008 1 The Development of Morality Outline s The cognitive aspect s s The emotional and behavioral aspects s The development of conscience, empathy and sympathy s Prosocial behavior Piaget’s Theory of Moral Development s Explored children’s knowledge of rules and morality s Two methodologies s Observations s looked at how children use and change rules as they play with marbles s Interviews s Used ‘Moral Stories’ s Asked about immoral acts (e.g., stealing & lying) Piaget’s Theory of Moral Development s Premoral Period s Stage 1 : Morality of constraint s Transitional Period s Stage 2 : Autonomous Morality Piaget’s Theory of Moral Development s Premoral Period (Age 0 to 4 years) s Children are not aware of rules s No competitive play Piaget’s Theory of Moral Development Stage 1 : Morality of constraint (Ages 4 to 7 years) s Respect rules s Think rules are universal and unchangeable (video) s Believe in “Immanent Justice” s If you break a rule you will definitely be punished s Believe in “Moral realism” s Consequences are related to the severity of the result, not the intent
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5/14/2008 2 Piaget’s Theory of Moral Development s Transitional Period (ages 7 to 10) s Becoming more flexible s Start to take other people’s perspectives Piaget’s Theory of Moral Development Stage 2 : Autonomous Morality (age 11+) s Evaluating rules critically s Understand that rules are arbitrary and were created by people thus can be changed s Violations of rules are not always wrong and not always get punished s Judging result by the underlying intention s Equalitarianism s How to Nurture Morality s Schools should emphasize cooperative s Individuals define morality through their struggles to arrive at fair solutions s Don’t indoctrinate students with social norms
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Lect+12.+6+slides+per+page - 5/14/2008 Outline The...

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