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Lect+12.+6+slides+per+page

Lect+12.+6+slides+per+page - Outline The Development of...

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5/14/2008 1 The Development of Morality Outline square6 The cognitive aspect square6 Piaget’s & Kohlberg’s theories of moral dev square6 The emotional and behavioral aspects square6 The development of conscience, empathy and sympathy square6 Prosocial behavior Piaget’s Theory of Moral Development square6 Explored children’s knowledge of rules and morality square6 Two methodologies square6 Observations square6 looked at how children use and change rules as they play with marbles square6 Interviews square6 Used ‘Moral Stories’ square6 Asked about immoral acts (e.g., stealing & lying) Piaget’s Theory of Moral Development square6 Premoral Period square6 Stage 1 : Morality of constraint square6 Transitional Period square6 Stage 2 : Autonomous Morality Piaget’s Theory of Moral Development square6 Premoral Period (Age 0 to 4 years) square6 Children are not aware of rules square6 No competitive play Piaget’s Theory of Moral Development Stage 1 : Morality of constraint (Ages 4 to 7 years) square6 Respect rules square6 Think rules are universal and unchangeable (video) square6 Believe in “Immanent Justice” square6 If you break a rule you will definitely be punished square6 Believe in “Moral realism” square6 Consequences are related to the severity of the result, not the intent
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5/14/2008 2 Piaget’s Theory of Moral Development square6 Transitional Period (ages 7 to 10) square6 Becoming more flexible square6 Start to take other people’s perspectives Piaget’s Theory of Moral Development Stage 2 : Autonomous Morality (age 11+) square6 Evaluating rules critically square6 Understand that rules are arbitrary and were created by people thus can be changed square6 Violations of rules are not always wrong and not always get punished square6 Judging result by the underlying intention square6 Equalitarianism square6 How to Nurture Morality square6 Schools should emphasize cooperative decision-making & problem solving square6 Individuals define morality through their struggles to arrive at fair solutions square6
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