AR100 STUDY GUIDE FOR EXAM 2

AR100 STUDY GUIDE FOR EXAM 2 - AR100 STUDY GUIDE FOR EXAM 2...

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AR100 STUDY GUIDE FOR EXAM 2 TUTANKHAMUN’S TOMB Pharaoh Akhenaten (Amenhotep IV) — Who? Son of amenhotep III and Tiye, wife Amenhotep III and Tiye, principle wife is Nefertiti (daughter Ankhesenamun), and other wife Kiye (son Tutankhamun.) Amenhotep IV becomes heir apparent when his brother Thutmose dies prematurely. He ruled 17 years. Why unpopular? Imposed monotheism, Pharaoh as divine dictator, Moved the country’s capital, Empire declines rapidly Valley of the Kings — Function? Located in Western thebes- funerary temples of the New Kingdom pharaohs, new royal necropolis (cemetery) -Tradition of burial in rock hewn tombs started by Amenophis I or Thutmose I in the late 16th century BC. Site used for burials for 5 centuries. 18-20th Dynasties. Theodore Davis — Who? Link to Tutankhamun? Led search to find his tomb in valley of kings Pit 54 — What? In valley of kings-Cultural transformation? Deliberate Distruction? Davis’s and Ayrton’s interpretation? “valley of kings is exhausted” Howard Carter — Who? Found tomb of tutankhamun Lord Carnarvon — Who? Funded Carter Tut’s Tomb and his mummy What saved it from looting and destruction? Necropolis officials Why is it presumably different from other royal tombs/mummies? Smaller/rushed burial/recycling What do they tell us about Tut’s life and death? Family did not care or were in no power to do anything How were they disturbed after Tut’s burial? Robbed twice EGYPT Napoleon’s Invasion — its effect on western exploration of Egypt The Rosetta Stone — What is it? A Decree of Ptolemy V dated to March 27, 196 BC-Trilingual inscription in Greek, Demotic, and Egyptian Hieroglyphs-The key to deciphering Egyptian writing systems How did it help Champollion decipher hieroglyphs ? Pharaoh Narmer — Who was he? 1 st pharaoh What is the Narmer Palette and what does it tell us? Depicts the unification of Egypt-one side narmer with upper Egypt crown and other side with lower Egypt crown. Inscriptions and representational scenes depict the attempts of the Protodynastic Kings of Upper Egypt. Hierakonolis a base of military operations against the Delta. Is there a link between Narmer and Menes ? Mastaba Tombs — What are they (especially their functions)? For burial (means stone bench in arabic) Link them to the development of true pyramids. 1 st step pyramids were built (Pyramid of Djoser) to out-do gov’t officials building large mastabas as a stairway to heavens with burial chamber under the pyramid, then true pyramids as symbol of rays of god of sun, ra function to protect mummy Saqarra Egypt — What is there? 1 st royal pyramid-Step pyramid of djoser What was the function of the site? _________________ The Stepped Pyramid of Djoser — What? 1 st pyramid Significance in the development of the true pyramid? Started perfecting the true pyramid-connected to power of pharoah Note: the lecture has a lot on the Djoser Pyramid Complex that is not on the exam. Imhotep
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This note was uploaded on 09/13/2010 for the course AR 100 taught by Professor Danti during the Spring '09 term at BU.

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AR100 STUDY GUIDE FOR EXAM 2 - AR100 STUDY GUIDE FOR EXAM 2...

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